Vyshgorodsky District - a district in the north of the Kiev region





Regional centers of Kyiv region and cities of regional subordination | Information about the regional centers
Vyshgorodsky district was formed April 12, 1973 with the center in Vyshgorod. In the district includes the land and the Kiev-Sviatoshynskyi Ivankiv Raion.

Big boost socio-economic development Vishgorod allowed the construction of the Kiev hydroelectric station and PSPs, which gave the Trans and the current in December 1964

Ancient Vyshgorod built on a 120-hectare elevated right bank of the Dnieper, which represents a consolidation, which has not been all over the Dnieper. To the east is the elevation Naddniprianske protect steep slopes, special presentations by local residents called the mountains, and the Dnieper, flowing then in the city itself. From the north west elevation opoyasuvaly North West and ravines, which started from the upper mud bog, and from the south - peat bog, which is a large gap stretched to where now begins Kiev Podil. According to legends and ancient songs, the first settlements here on my tooth-Mount comes from Staroselie tooth.

And the development of the town Tooth not come, because why not allow you to select areas. Further expansion Vyshgorod begins with a population of Sel-mountain. Initially there is a small town, an area of 1,5 ha. Around him is built the so-called Upper or Old tree length of 500 m. Over time, the east and south of the building being built on posts, and becomes part of a fortified citadel in the yard and gets the name of the Lord, and subsequently Knyazha-yard. To avoid the dangers of the city is set five watch towers: one at the so-called Balitani sel-mountain, the second - to address Lublin mountains, and three others - on artificial hills - Nadrivya, Ostrozhische and Nameless.

The city grew up, has become closely the urban nobility and his wife in Knyazha-yard, so he was joined from the south - Boyarka from the west - the settlement guests from the east - The sergeant, whose Vyshgorodsky districttotal area was 1.5 ha. The sergeant and settlements guests traditionally stronger shaft length of 100 and 250 m. On both sides of the rich grow Boyarka wall length of 150 and 130 m. They converge at an acute angle right where casting up an artificial hill. To better protect the hill, watch tower, probably demolished, or finish building, thereby strengthening, which, obviously, in its form is called the prison (hence the name of the hill Ostrozhische).

All this is built of brick, whose production has been established in Vyshgorod. Along with the urban districts of the nobility grows and positions. In the north, the most impregnable to the enemy of the old post, selilas mainly Crafts "aristocracy": founders, kritsedeli, cuirassiers, sholomniky, braziers, spool. The southern part of the post occupied by the poor Crafts: krovelniky, kladniky, masons, Tsegel'nik, a stove, potters, drevodeli, coopers, weavers, weavers, carpenters.

Initially, this part of the post was almost wiped out, and then dug a trench is 200m long, which we call now the south, and built a 250 m shaft. Simultaneously, the enhanced 100-meter shaft and drink, which takes up the first strike the assailants, as well as Zamkovische. It could not detect any traces. This was the first phase construction of ancient Vyshgorod (300 m shafts, set out 280 meters of city walls, dug a 200-meter trench, has five watchtowers).

The second phase of construction Vyshgorod began with the creation of the Middle shaft. He had a length of 800 meters and had to defend the city from the north, west and south-west. This tree starts from the top, rounded the so-called eternal land, ended near the settlement of guests.

In Eternal land forbidden to plow, sow, build, plant. Perhaps, in this open space once collected folk Chamber. And in our time, people began to dig the graves here and turned the land into eternal cemetery. Today Vyshgorod it occupies almost the whole central part of the built farmhouses countryside. Val around the Eternal land preserved. A lower shaft, defended the new posts and had a length of 800 meters, too, as the average, could not resist the destructive forces of nature: to have survived only in some part.

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