Boryspil district is an area in the east of the Kiev region

Regional centers of Kyiv region and cities of regional subordination | Information about the regional centers
Boryspil district was formed in 1923. Now in Boryspil district of 43 localities, there are 20 rural councils in the district live 53 thousand 485 people. Boryspil district is located in an area of about 146 thousand square meters. m.

In the period from IX to XII century. between Kiev and Pereyaslav was built several fortified settlements near the modern villages: Lyubartsev, Ivankov, old, Golovurov, Voronko, Deep, interest, arose many fortified settlements. During the Mongol-Tatar invasion settlements in the territory of modern Borispol district were destroyed, and since XIII century. the land transferred under the authority of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Later this area became known as the "Land Poluknyazheskaya. Archival documents of this period show that the Earth Poluknyazheskaya "was" bestowed "the royal interpreter Soltan Albeevichu. In 1508, he sold the land Kiev desert-Nikolsky Monastery. The monks owned the land before the end of the XVI century. On the monastic lands in this period started to settle down fugitives from the right bank.

In acts of this period also mentioned some other villages in the district: Gnedin, cherries, Soshnikov, Sal'kov, procedures, Bulachin (Erkivtsi). With credentials from 1525 know that even then there were the village Zherebyatin, Rogozov, Voronko, Ivankov.

After 1569 all Ukrainian lands, which previously belonged to the Lithuanians, went to the Polish crown. By decision of the Polish Sejm from 1590 the land around the town of Boryspil, and the city was taken possession of Vojtech Chanovitsky, who in 1590 referred to the documents as Hetman of Zaporozhye Cossacks.

In 1596 these lands Sigismund III made a royal property. In the same year was founded Boryspilske Starosty.

At the end of XVI - early XVII century. Ukraine covers a number of Cossack and peasant uprisings. For suppression of the uprising led Nalyvayko (1594-1596) granted the Sejm Boryspilske Starosty magnate.

Zolkiewski possession, and from 1623 it becomes the property of the family Zolkiewski (until 1648). History Borispol region is inseparable from the struggle of the Ukrainian people against Polish domination. The population of the city and surrounding villages participated in the uprising of the registered Cossacks led by Taras Fedorovich (Shake)

The liberation war under the leadership of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (1648-1654) marked the end of the Polish gentry-domination in Ukraine. The whole region was divided according to the custom of Zaporozhye on the shelves and hundreds. One of the regimental bridge was Pereyaslav, hundreds, among others, the town of Boryspil and Voronko. By Boryspilska hundreds of villages belonged: Nesterovka, Kuchak, Swan, Staritsa, Senkivka, Ivankov, Darnitsa and a number of farms, to Voronkivskoi - Village Deep, Kiylo, Kalney, Rudyak.

Colonels, the centurion had a military power. Cossacks used the free right to their lands, had no duties, did not pay taxes, receive a salary.

During the Russian-Polish War (1654-1667) Borispolsky ground several times experienced great devastation.

In 1658 on the orders of magistrates Sheremetieva (during the battles between the forces of Hetman Boryspil districtIvan Vygovsky and royal army) Voron'ko town and other villages and hamlets were destroyed and burned.

Significant loss of land Borispolschiny suffered in spring 1661 and autumn 1663, when they seized the Polish troops.

In July 1666 a rebellion broke out in Borispol against the oppression of Cossack elders and royal governor. Cossacks rebelled Pereyaslav and Boryspil. In August of that year, the rebellion was suppressed.

Universal of from 14 January 1752 Hetman Kirill Razumovsky handed Borispolsky land in eternal possession of his sister and her husband, bunchukovogo Comrade Yu Daragan.

Of particular note is the name of the poet and preacher, II floor. XVIII century. IG Nekrashevich from the village Vishenki. He graduated from the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, was a priest in his native village. Poetic heritage is small - now known all nine of his works. Against the background of the poetry of the time the product I. Nekrashevich distinguished by the purity of the national language, humor, elegance, ease of maintenance.

In Voronkove passed childhood and adolescence classics of Jewish literature Shalom Aleichem (real name Robinovich Sholem Naumovich, 1859-1916 gg.) Native village writer remembers with special affection in the autobiographical novel "On the fair.

In March 1917, to power in Ukraine came to the Central Rada. It was led by M. Grushevskii, Vynnychenko, S. Petlyura. The main objective of the Central Council was to create an independent Ukrainian state. In January 1918, was proclaimed by the UPR, in the same year, 1918, Ukraine was plunged into civil war. In April 1920, the territory of Ukraine to take part of the Polish army, and with them the troops of the Ukrainian National Republic. The retreating troops of the Red Army confiscated the peasants fodder, horses, food. This led to popular discontent. Most of the peasants strongly took up arms. Revolted and peasants Borispolschiny. They refused to give "dues" horses, carts, food. Then people were robbed. Many were shot near Brovarskiy way.

In 1921 in Borispol Soviet power was established. Began to organize collective farm. In 1923 he was created Boryspil district.

It has long been famous for the song s Rogozov. In beg. 30-ies in the village was organized horlanku. Members of the team participated in many concerts, their songs were recorded on phonograph records. Some of the participants were invited to the famous choir of Ukraine, headed by G. rope.

The period witnessed the flowering of creativity and Honored Master of Folk Art, woodcarver Peter Petrovich Vernet (1876-1966). Born PP Verne Hill Farm, a family of poor peasants. Not being able to go to school, taught himself to read and write. Original talent of the artist developed without assistance. AP Verne has created many wonderful things that are included in the best achievements of national decorative arts.

3 1929 the company began collectivization. It was a real tragedy for the Ukrainian peasantry. As everywhere in Ukraine, Boryspil district, she was accompanied by a massive dekulakisation, the destruction of the hard-working and therefore the most prosperous of the layer of the peasantry. People in the collective farms were reluctantly resisted collectivization. Wave of "Babi riots, the suppression of which was caused by Mounted Police in Kiev. But despite the resistance of the population collectivization continued.

Then there were the terrible years of Famine (1932-1933 period). It was never deployed an unprecedented terror famine, to teach the Ukrainian peasants in the words of Kosiora "good sense". Boryspil district helps that he was near Kiev, people were able to barter grain, flour, cereals markets in Kiev. Yet from a lot of people dying of hunger. There is information about the mortality of the rural population Borispol district with 01.01.1933pdo 01.01.1934 year. This figure amounts to 5739 people. Among the dead during this period were 266 children under the age of one year. That the report. In fact, the losses were much greater.

But this was not the last test, which went through our people. A terrible wave of Stalinist repression exterminated the color of the Ukrainian nation. The victims of repression were many people in the region, among them: Taraban - beg. rayzemotdela, Stepanov - Chairman of the Executive Committee, Pinchuk - bandore player, a young writer Zhigalko and many others.

Second World War brought great trouble in our land. Already on the second day of the war, June 23, 1941, German planes bombed a military town and the airport, located on the outskirts of Kiev. September 23 Nazis captured the city and region. Occupants created starostas, built prisons.

In February 1943, in woods near the Dnieper Soshnikova began its activities partisan group them. Shchorsa. Soldiers of the detachment destroyed German mortgage tied fights with punitive. The most important contribution was to keep the guerrillas Starinskiy sugar plant from destruction. It was also saved from the Nazi punitive detachments of about ten villages of the district.

When Borispol district began in September 1943. Our area is freed the two armies - 38-I - under the command of NE Chibisov, 40-and - under the command of KS Moskalenko. 40 th Army was to reach the Dnieper on a Kiylo, Rudyak, Kalney, Gusinke. 38-I led an offensive on the right flank, she had to dig large Dimerka, offal, Boryspil, Voronko, Kiylo.

In the two years of occupation the Nazis killed and tortured in the area of 497 citizens. Over 5 thousand evacuated to Germany. In the battles for the liberation of the country killed more than 8 thousand residents. More than 5 thousand soldiers lie in mass graves in our area. At the end of September 1943 summonses were caused by young military office 1926 - 1928 years of birth, from which after a month's training battalion formed a fighter to combat banditry.

For courage and heroism in the war years, were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union: I.Kh. Kravchenko from Gnedin, II Take with Rogozov, MI Stasiuk from Great Staritsa, MP Prudkyy with Dudarkov and ID Kudrya with Salkovo. Immediately after the liberation of the region began the restoration work. According to the documents, in 1950, the restoration of farms was completed.

In 1959 the farm was established "Borispol", in 1966 - State Farm "Ray", the company vegetable and dairy. In 1965 he received its first passengers new Boryspil airport, which became one of the world's largest international airports.

In the early 80-ies in the city and the district worked 36 industrial and agricultural enterprises, 27 construction and transport companies were operating 20 secondary and 8 eight-year schools, 50 health facilities, 34 house of culture and clubs, 47 libraries, sports and music school, Regional services house, house of culture.

In the early 90-ies of the city and the area was 136 large and small businesses and organizations, 15 state farms, four farms, poultry farms. In the region - seven rural culture, 20 rural clubs, famous clubs and libraries.

The oldest archaeological monuments in the territory of the district, belong to the Paleolithic era (the remains of mammoth bones), Neolithic (stone tools). The district focused numerous archaeological monuments included in the register of cultural heritage: 123 mounds, 53 settlements, 5 settlements of different historical epochs, Church of the Intercession in with. Sulimovka - a monument of XVII century architecture, as well as a monument of garden architecture ХІХст. - Sulimivsky park.

The district is located 80 sites and 50 mass graves.

Numerous archaeological finds in the area of the village Vishenki created a village glory of this archaeological treasury. On the territory of Vyshenkivska village council had 17 settlements, settlements, parks, cemeteries of V in. BC to the XVIII century, during excavations which have been studied the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Neolithic, Tripoli, the Old Russian culture. 7 of these historical monuments in the territory Voronkivskoi village council, 13 - Golovurivskoi village council.

In Boryspil district known settlements are found near the villages studies Protseva, Salkovo, Sofievka. By studying them, they were in a separate type of Tripoli culture - Sophia.

Near archaeologists investigated the 30 monuments of the Bronze Age. This period is a unique find - ornamented with horn ax found in the vicinity. Dudarkov and stored in the National Museum of History of Ukraine.

The area is one of the few areas of the Kiev region, where the largest number of mounds are concentrated. Most of them sat near Ivankov ( "Voronova grave", "Sizaya grave", "Kutolova grave", "ulcerative Grave"), Kirov ( "Bemberiha"), Swan, Senkivka, and Barrow, which is located near s.Lyubartsi - " Glushivska grave "- a monument of national significance.

Literate and archaeological sources confirm the existence in the Borispol district settlements and fortified settlements of the period of Kievan Rus': in the villages Golovurov, old, Lyubartsev, Voronko, Ivankov, and countryside percent - 2. One of the oldest fortifications of Kyiv land was "City of Saks' (p. Sal'kov now within Protsivskoi village council). Repeatedly mentioned in the chronicles and Voronitsy "(p. Voronko.

Restored wooden architecture monument of XVIII century Chudomihaylivska church in the village. Low Starica.

Greater attention should be paid to his Sulimivsky park area 23.6 hectares, was founded in the XIX century. Park is a monument of landscape gardening art of local importance since 1972. In 2002, commissioned by the Kiev regional branch of the Ukrainian Society for Protection of Monuments of History and Culture developed a project for reconstruction of the park stands. The project is a preliminary step in preparing a detailed project of reconstruction of the park, which would have included the restoration of houses, palaces, reconstruction of road network stitches, recovery rate and the canal system, cuttings and planting trees.

The district was created landscape reserve of national importance "Farm Chubynskyi, the total area of 10ga, located on the lands of Alexander V. Village Council, is part of nature reserve fund of Ukraine.

It is in the reserve was kh Paul Chubynskyi - known folklorist, ethnographer, poet, scholar, teacher, author of the anthem of Ukraine. According to the testimony of local residents here in the woods, then a larger area, was his home, surrounded by a garden of apple trees and plum trees. The house was built in 1862 and stayed until 30 years of the twentieth century.

The district was created 5 nature-protected areas. In Sulimivskogo park reserve "Farm Chubynskyi", in 1998 established ornithological reserve tract "Elm" (s.Protsiv). Here lives the largest colony of gray herons (300 pairs), a bird of prey, white-tailed sea eagle, which is listed in the Red Book.

On the territory. Protsev is ichthyological reserve "Protsivsky, founded in 1999 Area of protected area - an important base of reproducing fish Kanev reservoir, there live many species of birds, and some species of fly breeding.

In 1999, declared a hydrological reserve "white marsh" (s.Soshnikiv). Zakaznik created to protect and preserve valuable natural marsh complex, re-creation of various animals. swamp known as the place of winter concentrations of deer, elk, wild pigs, wolves, which are included in the European Red List.

These reserves will revive the former glory, the Dnieper and Dnieper, where vodilis dozens of species of fish, animals, birds, and are now very rare.

In 2002. historian and enthusiast AS zil issued Knin "History Borispolschiny. The book covers the period from ancient times Borispolschiny to the present day. The value of this book can not be overemphasized, it must find a way to every school library.

Valuable materials gathered in Ivankov historical regional museum thanks to the efforts of rural heads Zinchenko, PF It contains materials not only Ivankov, but also the surrounding villages.

A good museum was created in a Protsev in Voronkivsky, Glubochiczkaya, Dudarkivsky, Kirov schools, the educational Schastlivskogo mill.

Borispolschiny famous local talents: poets M. Karpenko, P. Zasenko, M. Shostak, artists, K. Mironov, I. Prikhodko, I. Zemlyanskii, and others. Also famous for creative teams area: People's amateur choir to them. P. Chubynskyi with. B. Aleksandrovka; popular amateur choirs sat Senkivka, Peace, procedures, Lucky, Swan, regional folk groups sat Kiriivschina, Deep, City, people's amateur vocal ensemble Dniprovski bell "s.Kiyliv; vocal ensembles sat Martusovka, Vishenki.

True enthusiasts cultural - educational activities in the area is Honored Worker of Culture of Ukraine Yu Burchak and J. Burchak, Honored Artist of Ukraine A. Zyuzkin.
In the area of the children's music school. Happy, School of Arts s.V.Oleksandrivka.

On the territory of Borispol district operating scientific institutions:

Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics of Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences;
central research laboratory of water quality and soil of the Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Reclamation UAAS.

In the village Chubinskoe twice a year passes exhibition - fair "Agro" and "Kyiv Autumn".
In with. House Veterans' jealous operates with 50 seats.

Children from poor families are parental care in families Derenkiv s.Revne, Abaev old, kindergarten mixed type "SPRING" s.Chubinske.
Geographic location Borispolsky rn

Economically and geographically favorably located in the east of Kiev region, on the plain steppe Dnieper lowland. The surface area flat, sometimes wavy: well-marked increase alternate with lowlands, which often turn into swamps.

On the southern and southwestern borders of his proceeds Dnieper. Along the river reaches the lowest part of the area - floodplain, which is near the villages of the October, Gnedin, interest reaches a width of 6.11 km. The district's rivers, tributaries of the Dnieper left - Pavlovka, Mlen, ICVA and the right tributaries Trubezh - keg, Karan, campfires, Krasilovka, Alta, Iltitsya. All the rivers run on flat terrain, and therefore have a slow flow. Recharged by snow, rain and groundwater sources. In the south, Boryspil district is washed by the Kanev reservoir.

The soils are mainly dark-gray and ashed chernozem chernozem on medium-loamy loess and partly sandy and clay. Forests cover more than 15 thousand hectares. Minerals - brick and tile raw materials, sand and peat.

Population

Quantity: 53.483 thousand people.
including:
Men - 23,40 thousand people.
Women - 30,08 thousand people.
Number of pensioners: - 16,3 thousand.
(percentage of retirees from the total population of the district: - 33,6%)
The density of residence: - 364 people. / Sq.km
National composition of population as a percentage:
Ukrainian - 95,2,
Russian - 3,8,
Belarusians - 0,3,
Moldovans - 0,1.

zagorodna.com
Sign

Our button

Zagorodna
bigmir)net TOP 100