What is an Ecovillage?

Ecovillage, eco-village - a settlement established for the environmentally clean space for the life of a group of people, usually originating from the concept of sustainable development, and organizing food through organic agriculture.
In the west Ecovillage movement began in the early 1960's. In central and eastern Europe Ecovillages first appeared in the early 1990's, when opened, and became widely published material on many environmental issues. Russia Ecovillage Network was established in 2005.

Principles of organization of eco-villages

In various environmental settlements meet different ecological (environmental) limitations and self-production and circulation of goods, the use of certain materials or technologies, lifestyles. The most common examples include:
- Sustainable agriculture - the use of sustainably technologies of cultivation (for example, the principles of permaculture). As a rule, is also banned the use of toxic chemicals and pesticides on the territory Ecovillages.
- Sustainable forest management and reforestation multicultural - the careful use of forests and the work of planting different tree species for the formation of a stable forest ecosystems, in contrast to monoculture plantations (prone to diseases and pests), actively practiced by forestry organizations.
- Minimization of energy consumption - rather common practice, which is manifested in the construction of energy-efficient housing (see energy-efficient house), the use of renewable energy, minimization of domestic energy consumption.
- Often in the eco-villages are not welcome smoking, drinking and obscene language until their complete prohibition.
- Among the residents of eco-villages is common practice to one or another system of natural food, such as vegetarianism, raw food diet, veganism, etc. In some cases, in the Ecovillage is forbidden to use the meat or to raise cattle for meat.
- The majority of eco-villages tend to have systems of healthy lifestyle, which includes tempering, sauna, vigorous physical activity, positive life attitude.

It often occurs desire for self-independence from outside supply. In most rural and peri-urban eco-villages their residents seek to cultivate ourselves for a clean food, with the technology of organic agriculture. In some (usually larger) eco-villages can create their own production as clothing, shoes, utensils and other items necessary for residents Ecovillages and (or) trade with the outside world. As a rule, products should be made from local renewable natural materials or waste / recycled, environmentally sound technologies, as well as environmentally safe to be used and disposed of. (In practice, not always possible to achieve all the goals).
Number of eco-villages are using the standalone small alternative energy.
The number of people in eco-villages can vary between 50-150 people, because in this case, according to the sociology and anthropology, will provide all the necessary infrastructure for such a settlement. Nevertheless, there may be large Ecovillages (up to 2000 inhabitants).

Organization Ecovillage
Living Ecovillages usually united by common ecological or spiritual interests. Many of them see the man-made life unacceptable, destructive nature and leading to global catastrophe. As an alternative to industrial society, they offer the life of a small community with minimal impact on nature. Eco-friendly settlement often cooperate with each other, in particular, many of them joined the web of settlements (eg, the Global Ecovillage Network).
To some extent, the principles of eco-villages can be applied to existing villages and hamlets. Mandatory condition of such settlements is a harmonious interaction with nature and with minimal negative impact on her.


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