If you look inside the apartment, then her face will be created by the masters of the interior and furniture of their choice. However, from the outside world, that is, from the street, a person of any home is, of course, windows. They are the guarantee of not only light housing, but also its noise and heat insulation. And if even some 15 years, all of Russia's windows were similar to each other like twins, but now the market is going through these structures is a real boom. The most important thing - do not get lost in the variety of patterns and materials.
Related article: Ukrainian are increasingly choosing to buy windows for solar cellsThus, any window consists of three parts: profile, glass and furniture. Profile is called a frame, and it can be aluminum, wood, plastic or derevoalyuminievoy.
It's no secret that the metal - an excellent heat conductor, so in the window industry uses only a special "warm" aluminum. Despite all its advantages, it is very expensive, and therefore in a residential apartment buildings in Russia are hardly used.
Wooden windows are more expensive than plastic, but to say that the tree is becoming much rarer, it is impossible. Demand for high quality timber windows is stable even in times of economic crisis, and this is due primarily to the fact that the wooden frame can be made almost any size. Including the "non-standard", which is crucial for the country building and in the event of a global rearrangement.
To finish wooden frame elements using special paint systems, making this material very well protected from the fungus. Still, natural covering, especially in a metropolis, with its complex environment, requires a regular (about once every 2-3 years) treatment of special trains, and ideally also the use of protective and decorative aluminum or plastic linings. All this not only quite troublesome, but they require regular material costs that can deter the acquisition of wooden windows, even the most ardent advocates of environmentally friendly housing. A significant obstacle to the acquisition of wooden windows can be and the timing of their manufacture: of pine and larch windows made an average of 21 days from the oak - all 60.
In other words, often the only option left windows, plastic - most available and popular today. Their popularity is due primarily to the properties of plastic: it is not lit, is not afraid of water and frost, and for thermal protection and insulation can provide wood and aluminum, a hundred points. And it is not right, those who sniff: "The plastic looks cheap!" Plastic and capable of it, but only when it is really cheap. For those who do not aim is to install windows practically nothing, good news is that modern plastic profile, not only does not have to be white, but is able to mimic in appearance under a variety of materials.
Of course, the properties of PVC profiles (like many plastic products in general) are very dependent on the quality of raw material and technological conditions of compliance during production. Minor violations of the formulation or technology - and eventually "chronic sore" necessarily come out. For example, turn yellow or white frame will appear drafts due to the fact that some sagging doors. But more on the quality of window designs that affects how well profiles are installed in the doorway. It only takes one awkward movement editor, and your apartment will be not so warm and quiet as you expected. Therefore, daring to replace windows, choose only the well-known and well-established company that has its own team of skilled workers, editors and gives a guarantee on all work performed.
Air layers within the profile are called chambers. And depending on how many profiles can be two-, three-, five-or even semikamernym. I think it is clear that the more cameras the better profile resists cold, but that's no reason to bring the matter before fanatic. For homes located in central Russia, two or three cameras is sufficient.
Double glazing is - it's sealed construction of two or more panes, the space between them filled with air or inert gas. Today's manufacturers offer a special heat-saving and glass, and glass with a security-enhanced (up to the reservation). But in real life is more appropriate triplex - three-layer glass which is damaged does not scatter the fragments. By the way, triplexes can be combined glass for various purposes: energy-efficient, feature (grooved and patterned, for example), solntseotrazhayuschie, tinted, etc. As a result of such "frauds" are obtained by the window is not just comfortable in the home, but outwardly expressive.
However, even the combined glass and frame - this is not a window. In a single design makes their hardware, and it depends on its quality, how well and how long will your purchase. The hinges, locks, latches, opening mechanisms, ventilation, parts, preventing cracking, - all this is the hardware responsible for the smoothness and ease of all other manipulations.
Accessories to classify the method of opening and the direction (left or right). As regards the former, the flap can be rotated or vertical axis or horizontal. However, today the most popular combination tilt-turn fittings, which combines both features.
It is inconceivable and without window sill and slope. On the intricacies of production and selection of these elements we describe in detail in the next article.