What are the wells
Wells can be divided into two main types: shaft and tube. The first more suitable for people with a poetic view of life. For them, involvement in the tradition is not an empty phrase. Gate (or rare now, "Crane"), a massive chain, and the rumble of flying toward the water bucket - all simple procedure "extraction" of water will flow from them romantic memories and pleasant associations.
Related article: Borehole or well: the pros and cons
People are more prosaic and practical, will be able to do of artesian wells, which experts also somehow relate to the wells - tubular. Romance in this case will be smaller, but the water quality is not affected.
The diameter of the traditional wells from 0,8 to 1,2 meters, and tubular - 127-250 mm. In these millimeters and lies one of the main advantages of tube wells to mine: he closed from the outside world and the depth of a few tens of meters exclude even the minimum possibility of contamination of the source. In addition to drill easier technically, while the traditional wells are still digging by hand, using conventional shovel.
However, keep in mind: if the soil in your name free-flowing, artesian well is simply unprofitable - will have to drill several hundred meters. Simply dig a shallow well of the ordinary.
How to choose a place for well
This is not such a simple thing, as it may seem, especially if you're going to drill the well. Here, no self-respecting company does not undertake to predict in advance of any ee depth, nor the exact location of its locations. To do this, there is a procedure of mandatory exploration drilling.
But if the drilling of the well water can "get it" is always, no matter how deep it may occur, when construction of the traditional pit depth of lifting water thing initially is important. (This is why this issue is better determined in advance. Moreover, the ways to determine whether there is here (or there), underground water and how much they are deep enough. For example, in ancient times existed this way: "On the ground cleared of turf to spread sheepskin, necessarily wool top. In the middle of boots to put a fresh egg, covering it with a new earthen pot. Experience to start the evening in good weather and dry soil. In the morning lift the pot. If the wool and eggs are covered with dew, it is a sign definite on this point source, though shallow . If the egg is dry, and only one wool moist with dew, it is a sign that the water source is deep. If, however, wool and dried egg, then in the area of water does not ... "Another recommendation." In the valley or village surrounded by elevations, in whatever place it may be, will find the water. Also - on the sloping hillside, and whose sole source is visible.
And you can just take a closer look at the terrain, and she herself will tell you where to find the shallow groundwater sources.
In summer it is the place with green and thick grass, which appears in the flat, shallow gullies during the drought in June-August, and also places where you can observe a dense fog or congestion in the air of mosquitoes and black flies after sunset, and finally, a place where there are moisture-loving plants (reeds, sedges, etc.).
Autumn - the place with bright green vegetation, while the surrounding grass has faded.
In winter, you can safely build a well, where the snow and ice thawed patches are formed.
You should not do well on the banks of rivers and where the terrain changes dramatically. There can be significant fluctuations in groundwater levels and, hence, their contamination in the recharge.
P. S. It is foolish to dig a well near a pollution source. Minimum distance from the cesspool or parking shall not be less than 25 meters. Keep in mind: just one spilled near the well, a liter of gasoline might spoil 400,000 liters of water.
Pit log and ring
In a wooden blockhouse wells like the taste of the wine barrels of water in varying degrees, depending on the species of tree from which it is made. If we make the felling of nemorenogo oak, long tannins will give water an unpleasant taste and paint it brown. Felling of unseasoned pine makes water taste gummy, and the aspen first time - an unpleasant bitter taste.
Most log cabins suitable for larch. It serves as much, and oak (ie 20-25 years in the visible part, and underwater and even more), and the nasty taste is not attached at all.
Do well rings made of brick or concrete has its advantages: firstly, they are two to three times more durable than oak and pine, and secondly, they are absolutely impermeable to groundwater and, therefore, under any circumstances, you will have a clean and environmentally friendly water.
Cost of 1 m3 of water wells comes to $ 200, Wells - from $ 25 to $ 40 per 1 meter. The cost of exploration drilling - 30% of the estimated cost of the order as a whole.
Time of execution of orders: in the winter - from two to three weeks in the summer - from one to six weeks. The difference in seasonal timing explains only a different number of applicants.
Caring for the well
Traditional pit should be closed above the dense dust-and waterproof cover, and water to take the same bucket, which must be stored in a closed well (though if you want manual drive can be replaced by an electric pump, but agree that it will not well).
To near the well not turn pets would be better if you put around the fence.
And if you need to inspect the bottom of the wells, making it more convenient to just using a regular flashlight. By the way, finding something on the bottom of the well (it may well be causing your suspicion that the subject is quite harmless, as, for example, children's sand shovel), play it safe and do not use water for food purposes until such time until you delete it.
But before we descend into the well, if the need still there, check for fumes.
The most convenient way to do it the old fashioned way - with a lighted candle, mounted on a wire. If the candle, lowered into the mine pit, lit the flame normal, so gas is not there. If the flame changes its shape (starting, for example, lit a torch), then there is gas in some quantity. If the candle goes out - a lot of gas in the well.
In the past, gas or stagnant air was removed from the well as follows: take a big bunch of straw or grass, tied him with rope, was lowered into the mine shaft and then removed. Such "vymahivanie" gas was repeated many times. Now it is easier to make a fan.
And for the future: to really really protect themselves from this is quite an opportunity to attack, the well is inserted a wooden vent pipe with the conclusion of the outside. This, incidentally, nomozhet avoid congestion and air in the well, which will necessarily affect the taste and odor of water.
Cleaning the old well
If your well is old enough and does not inspire confidence (for example, has got to you along with the house), it can be cleaned - wipe with a manhole walls of dirt, grass, moss, etc. It is better to make a broom of birch branches with no leaves, attached to a pole . Garbage is usually collected by the grid and pick up, and water, of course, choose the bucket or siphon pump. Sand, gravel or crushed stone from the bottom of the well can also pick up, wash and lower back.
And after cleaning the old well that it became a blitz, it would be a good disinfection. For this purpose, one liter of well water is taken 10-20 mg bleach (1000 liters sootvetstve 10 g). To comply with this measure, we must first opredelit volume of water in the well. This is done so. If a well, for example, 1x1 m and water depth are also 1 m, then pit one m3 of water. This corresponds to 1000 liters or 100 cans.
After this procedure well water for a while can not drink. It should be pumped out again, and not one, but several times - as long as the chlorine odor disappears.
And not to be trapped, do not use the services of random artists. Cases of unsuccessful drilling (as well, and wells) are not uncommon. And it's not so much that you can never wait for coveted underground moisture. Things can turn around esche more offensive: the water will appear from under the earth, and through nesks days run out. So, taking the work, be sure to ask them to pump the well until prosvett water and watch at the same time, it pours. Water should flow continuously and with good pressure. However, we should not be limited to just such a visual examination. Demand Guarantees (warranty work well, usually one year). And yet. What would be a clean and pleasant to the taste of water may seem to you, we strongly recommend that you check the quality of the district sanepidemstantsii where you should pay from time to time. By the way, there you can Inform me about the composition of water from your well: what if you hit on some very valuable underground water source and the real mineral water?