As for the other "class" attributes, they are in this case not so revealing. Area greater than 250 square meters. m and five bedrooms? But a house can be not only a status object, but also ordinary farmhouse for large families. Large garage? This is not a sign of business status may be that his boss - mechanic by profession or vocation, and he can not do without the workshop.
Related article: How to choose a house design?Class issues
The first sign that determines the attractiveness of the object for a particular category of customers is, of course, not a project, and the location. And agents is known for certain. In particular, the project architectural studio LANS GROUP designed for customers who have a large area in the Moscow suburbs, and the angular glass served to show the beautiful view of the rolling hills of the reservoir on the horizon. Such real estate market experts uniquely categorized elite.
Variations on this project can be found in a cottage village business class, and in areas of dense private building. In all these cases a panoramic windows have no "postcard" views of the surrounding open spaces, yet enjoy spacious and bright home, is consistent with the main features of business class.
Wooden House Project by LLC "Intelligent Architecture" from the point of view of the business class is not too large (195 sq. m. Total area, of which the actual accommodation is 70 sq. m.), And for a cheaper segment - is not practical: it is 58 square . m given to the living room, gently flowing into the kitchen, and a little less space - two tiers of windows on the second floor hallway. However, the holiday villages, where they build mostly wooden houses, this design decision today more than popular. With regard to planning, they are fully consistent with the basic requirements for business-class homes: there are spacious rooms and high ceilings.
Plans for life
What are the main planning trends are dominated us in the designated segment? According to the statistics, there is only one in five home has more than two floors. The vast majority of today's most sought-after projects - two-storey houses, the second floor can be either a full-size (this is less common), and attic. In the attic, as a rule, is a private, master, zone - a bedroom and a small lounge. First - given to the kitchen, the living room, but there must also be a bedroom - for guests or for elderly family members, preferably - with a separate access to the area (in a country house there is always a possibility).
One more thing. Miniature spalenke 12.7 square meters. m, which are slightly larger than the bed itself, so popular a few years ago - is the day before yesterday. Spacious bedrooms do today - from 16 to 22 sq. m. m and, in fact, such places there is no point calling bedroom: this individual living rooms, are trying to put in as much natural light, combining conventional front dormer window (if it is on the second floor).
On each floor of the cottage business class have to be a bathroom. And in the attic it is not necessary to be an individual - that is attached to the bedroom. The characteristic feature of the business class is the master-bedroom - a room-master bedroom with its own dressing room and bathroom, and ideally - and with private access to a balcony or terrace. But the abundance santehpriborov every cubbyhole - is also now no longer fashionable. In particular, if your site has a bath.
And since we are talking about the bath, the architects and noted another trend: a few years ago, private developers, who lived in a big way, sought to gather under one roof all auxiliary facilities: gym, sauna with a swimming pool, a garage in the basement. Today, all these objects are moved out of the main building, and the area designed homes decreased. The site becomes an extension of the living space and economic zone in the basement no longer as unnecessary. This is understandable. Businessmen, of course, love their cars, but they believe the money and choose requires a quality, ventilation, heating and constant cleaning the garage built for the "iron horse" large room for people. Therefore, in modern homes can be seen less often basements and ground floors (if they are not due to terrain features), turrets and other impractical excesses.
Meanwhile, the huge advantage in the eyes of today's customers have projects that provide for the phased development of: awnings, which can be converted into garages, open space that can become winter gardens made beyond the main volume guest houses and business premises, moved to the extension and hozbloka . But if, for example, a room is not available the original project under it on the site should be given a place. Yes, and it must be made out in accordance with a given major project style.
Materials and Technologies
In building houses the business class used all currently known materials: glued and profiled bar, manual cabin log, brick and porous ceramic blocks, aerated concrete, frame, and combinations thereof. And today's developers easily combine and the tree with a brick and frame with aerated concrete. There are no limits.
On the question of whether the home business class to be the carcass, developers and marketers often give a negative answer. But from the point of view of the designers that are accessed by individual customers, not everything is as straightforward today framework technology are increasingly choosing not because of cheap materials, and to save on heating, for in matters of energy, they have no equal. For example, in areas where there is a problem with the gas supply. Or in the case when the host ideological opponent foolish burning cubic meters of fuel, firewood and electricity (and these are found more often).
Another thing that "karkasniki" business class still differ from most democratic structures - especially a higher degree of sophistication and architectural detail, more durable, natural and eco-friendly materials, and "advanced" systems, home automation and security. All this is laid at the design stage.
However, these "class" attributes do not apply to the carcass cottages, but also to any home business class.
Architecture becomes a reasonable
Typically, the business class cabin - it is not the first house, and often - not only housing. The hosts may not have it for months and do not want tenure was for them a matter of concern. Houses that need constant maintenance, content maids, gardeners, security guards, or simply in need of constant supervision, are gone. An essential feature of modern cottages are controlled heating system and automatic climate controls to keep the house "in tune" and switch to economy mode in the absence of the owners.
One of the most popular solutions associated with the regime keep warm - water heating system ("warm floor"), with a compact gas condensate or electric boiler, which does not require a separate boiler. Recently, consumers are looking at and geothermal heating systems based on heat pumps, but still treat them with a certain amount of distrust. As a result, the room, which was originally set aside for bulky boilers in modern designs private homes left, they are in no hurry to give up, but they moved pumping stations, water treatment systems, and often have a washing machine.
Another trend - the increase in the areas of glazing. In accordance with SNIP, for every 10 square meters. m premises shall be on the 1 square. m glazing (SNIP 2.08.01-89). This is the statutory minimum. Today in the House are trying to put as much light as a result of increased glass area at times up to 20% relative to the total area of the premises. This requires the use of energy-saving glass, sun blinds and voile with a remote control, as well as energy-saving windows and dirt coatings to large surfaces do not have to be washed frequently.
Style or pastiche?
The question of what architectural style today is most in demand in the private housing construction, will have to leave for the review. Because even if the authors of the projects difficult "assigned" their works to a certain style and direction, then what about the customer! Most buyers and customers prefer conservative, classical solutions, for example, such as a project of the Architectural Office of Alexander Polyakov (1470-1), the other to taste rational, but concise houses (project architectural bureau "Argo project" Alexander Gorbunov - 1688-0 ), the third - the sturdy wooden cottages (Architectural Studio LANS - 3012-0).
Statistics on sales of finished projects shows that "flashy" and obsessive architectural delights, presently untapped. Not honored and popular a few years ago "castles", framing, alpine chalets (what to do in our fields). Unlike homeowners representing "beautiful people" of society, businessmen always remember about this concept, as liquidity. That is why for a segment of "business" is not only an individual characteristic examples of architecture. Yes, some of today's buildings can be a certain degree of conditionality attributed to minimalism, constructivism, Scandinavian style. But not by the classical canons of an architectural style, but rather - as the styling, "citing" or individual parts that do not violate the integrity of perception.