Country House is hard to imagine without a green lawn. A good pitch on the site - this is the parquet floor in the house, finishing your site. According to it, nice to walk barefoot, it will be a great rug for children to play, will not allow weeds to invade your possession. There are other important arguments in its favor.
Related article: Landscaping can increase the value of a country house by 20%First, the lawn - a natural conditioner that helps to cope with summer heat. His fleece breathes and evaporates the moisture, the roots extracted from soil. He maintains an optimal level of humidity near the soil surface and creates a healthy climate in the area. Secondly, it is always fresh and clean air, which is important in the near suburbs, especially if there is a road: two hundred square meters of lawn provides oxygen to a family of four, and sod turf grass absorbs noise and prevents dust. Thirdly, the lawn - the perfect "canvas" to create a landscape compositions. It visually enhances the area (even if it is not more than six hundred square meters), creating an in-depth perspective, and also serves as the perfect backdrop for the plantings and small architectural forms, ponds, flower beds. All this - the indisputable advantages of lawn at the cottage.
Correction of mistakes
But there is a downside. Amateur "gazonostroitelstvo" in our latitudes begins with the purchase of seeds in the near hypermarket where there is a department of the goods for the garden. Then continues, in some cases - a grueling plowing, others - just spreading the seeds of untreated soil. Here and lie in wait for disappointment. Work can significantly outperform the satisfaction of the results. This paved track or pad can be done once and for all. Lawn, like all living things, requires care and attention. Once every two or three weeks it will have to mow. But one thing - to cut a small lawn, quite another - a whole field, roadsides, edges of ditches, inaccessible corners. Caring for this household eats an already fleeting weekend. Meanwhile, all these works have become as a habit, like cleaning the house or shave in the morning. Beginners' gazonovladeltsy "often do not take into account everything what have to face. But you need not only the lawn to mow. It will have to water it regularly fed nitrogen fertilizer, carefully uprooting weeds, restore, and heal, if grass is "sick."
Another problem, which leads to bad results - the wrong choice of seed and materials. Cheap mixes, presented in abundance on the shelves, are often imported. Moreover, often starting dachevladelets "learns" to the instructions on the packages of seeds, fertilizers and herbicides. As a result, trying to prepare the ground for a lawn, he generously pours birches and raspberries, bulging out from under the foundation's new "Roundup". But when used incorrectly "chemistry" impotent and harmful.
The third group of errors associated with the proper technique of preparing the territory. One of them - the creation of grass in hard to reach places. For example, you decide to rake remote corners of the windfall site, clearing ditches and turn to the technical roadside turf. With an elegant lawn mower in such places do not get, but without proper care, all these hard-to-back corners will soon become overgrown with weeds. Or, honestly, like beds, shaken up the land, turning it into fluff. Do not step, please, these rakes: lawn soil should be compacted so that her there was no trace. After all, if you can not walk on the lawn - it's not a lawn and garden bed.
Council to use the lawn as a background for planting - also should not be taken literally. If the tree trunks of a small tree you decorate decorative mulch around flower beds and fences do not do - you'll be mowed and the Christmas trees and flower beds, or, conversely, leave the grass around them. Clearly defined boundaries - this is one of the most important features of the "correct" the lawn. So, with the major mistakes sorted out.
Sow a reasonable
Our gardeners are accustomed to think big and develop all at once. Advanced farmers acquire different "translations" books on farming practices lawn. From this we can learn many useful usage of herbicides and fertilizers, seed selection, turf grass diseases and methods of weed control. But we should not forget that they are not addressed to the owners of large tracts, and those who grow small gardens with depleted soil. If your area for more than three acres, it must be "tamed" gradually, winning bridgeheads and establishing control over small areas - a few tens of square meters per month, two or three hundred square meters per year. Only in this situation time is enough for a healthy holiday, and for other construction and landscaping.
Now the main thing. What to plant? On the packaging of mixtures that are sold in stores, usually in large type stated their purpose (ceremonial, sports turf mixture for shady places ...) and small - the composition and proportions of the mixture. Meanwhile, as usual, the information contained small shaped as letters, it is much more important. The basis of the most "democratic" in price and most unpretentious mixtures - perennial ryegrass. It is well-rises, quickly gives succulent shoots, but has a weak root system and does not tolerate winter with considerable temperature fluctuations. And so resistant to trampling the lawn sport of it you can get in the warm southern states (English name gives the origin), but not here. If the seeds of this grass in a mixture of 60% or more, be prepared for the fact that the lawn will turn one-time, he will score even though the weeds in a field, but next season will have to deal with the mounds and bald spots: you will do "patch", podsypaya ground and re-seeding seeds. In our region, preferably a mixture with Kentucky bluegrass and fescue field. In a perfect carpet of Kentucky bluegrass in the first year will not count, but in the next, if the mixture quality and the soil prepared for planting properly, it will give you a thick and smooth carpet.
Sometimes something else: the seeds of late, and the mixture specified on the package does not match what is inside. So ask your lawn succeeded in the difficult business neighbors, where they bought the seed. Another way - to apply to specialized firms that sell lawn grass seeds by weight. It will cost more than a bale of seeds of unknown origin, but here and advise on agricultural, and will select the best composition of the mixture for you.
Sod rolls - also an option, though it will cost considerably more expensive than "seeds." But using them, you will save on training areas and will achieve no result in two or three years, but much earlier - in a year. Pave the entire area Turf can be wasteful, but the slopes, roadsides, small pieces of land that can not wait to put in order, it is a reasonable solution.
Step by step: Five secrets to proper lawn
If our goal - not a lawn mini-golf course, and does not require significant effort and expense on the lawn free from the wild vegetation, soil and debris, it is important to remember two things. First, any size area cleared of debris, stumps and weeds, it is desirable to align, compacted and sown with grass. Otherwise weeds will again. Second, any lawn, even technical, will have to mow, not allowing the grass to grow to his waist, and then dried: flammable dead wood - the main enemy of the summer resident. If you are unable to engage in weekly clipping and weeding, reduce the small lawn in front of the house, and everywhere else give up the lawn in favor of the paving.
A. If planned for the lawn area loose and waterlogged, it makes sense to remove the top layer of soil, to postpone it to the side and do raise a sand, gravel, CBC. You can use a geotextile that prevents mixing of soil layers, however, preference should be given not dense materials used in road construction, and affordable canvases minimum density, well overlooking the water. To cope with the strong swamping the lawn does not help, it is you have to help him watch the streams and build a proper drainage system.
Two. Area you intend to turn into a lawn, you need to properly prepare. Since our goal - to get a solid foundation on which you can walk, you will have to carefully tamp: lawn roller or vibratory plate with a gasoline engine. If either one or the other does not - do "adapt" of old shoes, each of which attach to a small (40 cm) board. Such "skis" will carefully prepared and generously trample moist piece of territory.
Three. When weeding, and preparing the area for the lawn must get rid of all the land lying in the wood remains. Otherwise, instead of grass you grow mushrooms, and not edible. Slowly rot through horizontal roots in the ground lead to the formation of dips, even if they are on a half-meter depth.
4. You should not start planting grass immediately after preparation area. It should be kept three or four weeks "fallow", removing weeds, and made their way podsypaya misaligned.
Five. If the first time the lawn has not turned out perfect - not scary. The following year, it can repair - cut with a knife hummocks, fill and seal irregularities podseyat bald spots formed on the grass. Remember that the result to which you aspire, you get no sooner than two to three years. And then the lawn in good old Britain will have to mow the centuries.