7 signs of modern life

10.02.2018 00:45
Articles about the construction | 7 signs of modern life Technical progress and change of habits made our today's life incomprehensible to a Soviet man from the early seventies. Some 35-40 years ago, having described your present life, you would at best be known for the grandson of Jules Verne, and at worst would be in a psychiatric hospital. Let's imagine that an ordinary grandmother of the 1970 model arrived on an excursion to our apartment by a time machine. Let's start?

Let's begin our acquaintance with modern life with a dishwasher, finally buried kitchen slavery. The history of the "dishwasher" begins in the middle of the XIX century - it was then that the first such machine with a manual drive was patented. But she did not enter into broad production. The machine, similar to the modern, in 1924 was constructed in England, but until the 1950s it could not be classified as a mass market - because of the complexity and high cost it could be afforded by a few. The situation changed in 1970: then the dishwasher "went out into people" and became an ordinary item in the kitchen of middle-class citizens. True, they were not Soviet citizens, but residents of the United States and Western Europe.

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Grandma, who is visiting us, washed the dishes with her hands, in the sink in the kitchen. It is from here that the tradition of the manufacturers of kitchen sinks has come to complete the sinks with a metal tray for drying freshly washed dishes. As a fat solvents, mustard powder was widely used, sponges were most often made by themselves. In the late eighties, liquid dishes for washing dishes came to our kitchens massively, and this seemed to be the limit of the dreams of most Soviet housewives.

But now, in 2018, many of us no longer imagine life without a dishwasher. Under it are designed kitchen sets, it is produced in economical variants (both in terms of cost and in terms of space occupied), its availability in a rented apartment is increasingly required by tenants. The dishwasher firmly entered our everyday life, saving us from the dull everyday routine. Grandmother admiringly admires and also wants this for herself.

Hermetically insulated double-glazed windows
Why do you think a Soviet man could simultaneously need stripes of cloth cut from old duvet covers, starch, water and paper? That's right, to warm the window frames for the winter, because they eventually cracked, the doors were loosely adjacent to the frames, forming cracks in which the air was unmercifully blowing. In the winter, the windows froze so that ice on the windows formed even from the inside. So do not be surprised: the first thing you ask grandmother-1970, why you have not yet glazed the windows.

In addition, from time to time the windows had to be repainted again: frames in old houses built before the war carried around 20 layers of paint to the beginning of the nineties (perhaps these layers did not allow the old tree to crumble into dust).

Today technical progress has given us airtight double-glazed windows - plastic and made of glued beams. They do not need to be painted or insulated, they protect against street noise, and clever fittings make it possible to quietly air the apartment. I also do not miss the double-glazed windows: our visitor will find in vain for her lovely frosty patterns on the windows.

The double-glazed windows were invented back in 1865, but they were used not in residential buildings, but for equipment of railway cars. Only in 1959 in Germany double-glazed windows with an elastic seal were equipped with the first residential houses. Of course, today the bulk of famous window manufacturers are German companies: they had a lot of time to sharpen technologies. In the middle of the seventies, half of Europe was already warmed by such windows.

Before us, this technology came in the 90's, but it spread rapidly across the country. Today, old-style wooden windows in mass residential construction are atavism.

Library in your pocket
Our guest is an intelligent old woman, so, of course, she will strictly ask: "Where are your books?" We boldly show her a smartphone or a reader and say: "Everything is here." We have a valerian ready.

In the late Soviet period, books were supposed to be in every house. Even families where no one liked to read, had bookshelves in the living room. They proudly exhibited scarce publications: the collected works of Walter Scott, Fenimore Cooper, Alexandre Dumas. In homes where the wealth was smaller, and there was no access to the deficit, Russian classics were put on the shelves, "Foreign literature" in soft covers, volumes from the series "The Life of Remarkable People". In extreme cases, the collection of works of the classics of socialist theory was in the course. One way or another - without books, the apartment was considered "uncultured".

Today, light, light interiors are in fashion, where books are often not available. From the apartments, slowly, but surely, the bulky "walls" with glazed bookcases left. Today, the deficit is not books, but a place for their storage. However, our country still remains the most reading in the world: the whole of the average library, accessible to a modern person, fit today in our pocket. We carry with us a huge amount of knowledge, at any moment have access to any favorite book, and it does not need to be searched for long on dusty shelves.

Paper book culture developed over the course of twenty centuries. Electronic stood with her level for some 15 years. My grandmother is impressed.

Savings in Soviet apartments were often built in absolute terms. The more surprising is the fact that the cabinet with sliding doors, not swing doors, came into wide use only in the early 21st century. Grandmother is terribly surprised by the spacious closet without pens, which occupies a lot of space in the apartment, but almost not noticeable in it.
 Now we hardly imagine our life without a closet. But it was, of course, not always.
 Versions about who invented the wardrobe, there are several. His ideology is also being raised for the Japanese, who widely use the displaced screens in their homes, and to Napoleon, who offered similar screens for camouflaging disorder in soldiers' barracks. But it seems to us that the idea is so simple and good that it arose immediately in several bright heads. One way or another, already in the 1950s in California, wall mills equipped with wheeled doors, and advanced architects in Italy offered such structures for the arrangement of social housing for the poor.
To us, the general fashion for storage systems with sliding doors came only at the beginning of zero. However, today the closet is no longer in fashion: it has become the category of "masthead for all time".
In the modern interior it can be not only a universal storage area, but also a decorative dominant. After all those same sliding doors can be decorated, as your heart desires - from metal panels in the style of hi-tech to hand-painted under Khokhloma. One of the most popular solutions is one or several mirror doors that not only give you the possibility of a complete overview of your appearance, but also visually expand the space. The grandmother looks at her reflection with her eyes and moves on.
Death of a landline phone
The mobile phone is ringing. We pick up the phone and ask: "Where are you?"
Grandmother looks at us with a look, full of doubt in our normality. In 1970, the phone number was strictly attached to the room and, for example, when moving it had to be changed.
During the Soviet era, the queue for installing the phone was gigantic. People waited for years. But by the end of the Soviet Union, large cities were at least telephoned. Big families shared the phone as best they could. And woe to all, if the family was a virgin or a hyper-obedient teenager: the line could be occupied for several hours.
We explain to my grandmother that today, when buying an apartment, a stationary phone is not put by practically nobody, but those who still have it, perceive it as a museum exhibit. We call each other only on mobile numbers, which means, and touching requests "And please call Nadya" is already far in the past. We do not imagine life without our own communication line, which belongs only to us, which is always with us, wherever we are.
Mobiles have long ceased to be just phones, turning into multifunctional media centers. In 1970, only about the omnipotent device the size of the palm was seriously spoken by only the science fiction writers. In 1990, the performance of personal computers was several times less than the performance of a modern budget smartphone. With its help, we read, listen to music, watch films, work, play and even program. Hearing this, the grandmother twists a finger at his temple. And we do with her selfie.
The grandmother takes the microwave oven as an artificial satellite of the Earth. We disentangle it and explain that the microwave did not appear at all yesterday. In the 1980s, several models of microwave ovens, including household ones, were produced in the USSR. But in 1970, from which we are counting, our guest did not hear about such a miracle of technology, so the meat and chicken thawed in the old manner - in a sink or in a bowl of water. Ready food was heated on the stove - the right amount was put in small pots and pans, and as we remember, there were no dishwashers in the USSR.
Today, most urban residents have a hard time imagining life without a microwave oven. This device is almost invisible, but its routine work comes in handy every day, and not just once. In it, we defrost the food in a few minutes, warm up our portion of food right on the plate, and in case of need (gas shut-off, plate replacement and similar troubles), we can also prepare a full meal. Grandmother snorted: "Absolutely lazy." But we see a slight envy in her eyes.
Finally, a grandmother from 1970 asks to read to her news - she is interested in what the people of the future live. We open a news line in a laptop or smartphone - and explain that at any time we can find information about anything, watch almost any movie, remotely walk through a multitude of museums around the world, admire the landscapes, find a map of any city with details to every house, chat with people (including video calls). In a word, a magic apple on a saucer, providing information sessions in Russian folk tales, our guest sees in real life.

Today, friends come to visit, not about where we can wash our hands, but about what our password is from Wi-Fi. We no longer need to remember huge amounts of information or keep multi-volume encyclopedias at home: at any moment we can find everything that interests us, right from home.

In 1970, no one could even imagine such convenience in obtaining and using information, in 1990 it was already possible, but - not at home, in 2000 we used slow creaky modems with a fixed telephone line, in 2010 the home Internet was already quite brisk, and today - in 2018 - it is not only on our computer, but also in the phone, in hours, in an electronic book. "Internet of things" - one of the most promising areas of modern engineering.

Content tags: Electrical. Light
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