Let's start with the houses of Finland and Scandinavia. The Scandinavian style is based on the functionality and use of predominantly natural materials. One of the main features of the Scandinavian houses is the large panoramic windows, which are designed to compensate for the lack of sunlight inherent in the northern regions. Most of these houses use energy-saving double-glazed windows, which are able to keep heat from sunlight.
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Use of wooden materials;
Absence of bright elements on the facade of the house;
Preservation of the natural landscape of the local area;
American Colonial Style
Another style that came from the region with not the most friendly climate. The American colonial style originated in North America and Canada thanks to emigrants from the Old World, especially from England. Houses in the colonial style inherent spaciousness and symmetry - mostly single-storey or two-storey cottages with an attached garage, built on wireframe technology. This technology allows you to reduce the construction time of the house to 3-6 months, while the cottages are obtained ecologically clean, spacious, energy efficient and durable.
Materials: Facades of houses in the colonial style are often finished with siding, wooden lining, facing brick, as an option - tiles, natural or artificial stone. The houses themselves are made from ready-made heat-frame panels - due to the multilayeredness this material has good thermal insulation and qualitatively removes moisture.
Low foundation and absence of a basement floor;
Absence of facade decoration;
Roof mansard type with protruding windows;
Window frames with bindings;
Low wide porch with simple handrails.
The main colors are muted red, brown, blue, white, beige with contrasting elements (rails, frames, trim) in white or black. In landscape design the main role in the colonial style is played by a well-groomed lawn with low shrubs around the perimeter of the site and next to the veranda.
The birthplace of houses in the style of half-timbered houses - Germany. The base of the half-timbered cottage is a complex wooden frame, which consists of horizontal, vertical and diagonal elements. In the old days, the space between the wooden beams was filled with clay, now various materials are in use - wooden panels, stone, brick and even glass. The strength of the frame is achieved by careful calculation of loads and accurate connection of all parts.
The main feature of half-timbered houses is a decorative function performed by bearing beams. As for color design, it is limited only by the imagination of future home owners.
Visible frame of the house;
Color contrast of walls and bearing beams;
Hanging of the second floor over the first;
Many small windows;
High tiled roofs.
Ideal for a winter home is a chalet-style cottage, also called alpine style. Chalet is a two-storey house with a gently sloping gable roof, divided into two parts - a stone ground floor and a wooden attic on top. The main feature of the houses in the Alpine style is a protruding roof, the canopies of which not only cover the foundations and walls of the cottage from the bad weather, but also form an additional shelter from the snow and rain around the house.
Classic house in Alpine style is a two-storey cottage where the first floor is completely laid out of natural stone, and the second one is made of a massive beam of coniferous species. However, the cost of these materials is high enough, so they are often replaced by concrete, foam block, brick, as well as glued beam and frame structures for the construction of upper floors. The roof is made of non-bright metal.
High ground floor;
A gently sloping roof hanging over the walls;
Balconies under canopies, can be decorated with carvings;
Panoramic windows on the second floor;
Two entrances - the front and side.
In terms of color design, preference is given to natural shades for wood and stone.
The main feature of houses in the Art Nouveau style is a minimum of sharp straight lines that replace the natural and smooth curves of the facade. Particular attention should be paid to the Northern Art Nouveau, which is widely represented in St. Petersburg. This style is distinguished by the restraint of the forms and the soft, muted colors of the facades - brown-chocolate, sandy beige, olive, a range of gray shades, softly lilac or muffled red.
In homes in the Art Nouveau style, both natural materials (stone, wood) and more modern versions are used-reinforced concrete, frame structures, concrete or brick blocks. The facade is covered with plaster, which is applied to the desired additional elements - mosaic, metal patterns, etc.
Elegant bends and forms of buildings;
Delicate colors of the facade and interior decoration;
Use of natural materials for decoration;
Low-key mosaic patterns on the facade;
Forged items on balconies, door and window openings.
French charm - this is how you can characterize the Provencal style. Two-storey cottages in the style of Provence traditionally do not have a socle or porch - the entrance to the house is organized through a large terrace. The attic floor is traditionally decorated with large windows and balconies with ornate fencing and refined columns. On the near-by site, fountains, gazebos, alpine hills, winding paths and an abundance of shrubs are welcomed.
The frame of the house in the Provencal style can be made of any materials, but in the decoration of the facade preference is given to buta (building stones of irregular shape), wild stone with ragged edges and rough surfaces, various wooden beams, as well as decorative plaster mixtures of light tones. On the facade, you can also place various forged items - for example, lanterns.
Natural materials in the decoration of the facade;
The predominance of wooden and forged elements;
Crocheted plants on the walls of the house;
Balconies and turrets;
Natural color scale (predominance of light shades).
The house in the style of minimalism is a minimum of lines, minimum of a color scale, a minimum of details, but at the same time a maximum of space and light. The forms of cottages of this style are quite diverse - they can be made in the form of large cubes, parallelepipeds, and also in the form of composite structures from several modules. One of the main elements - a flat roof, which can be exploited - here you can place a recreation area or even a small garden (in this case, it is necessary to organize waterproofing competently). The foundation of a house in the style of minimalism is usually low, the basement is not separately allocated.
In the style of minimalism, it is customary to combine natural and artificial materials, such as wood, concrete, glass, stone, metal and others. The walls can be made of either brick or concrete blocks, and from frame structures. However, the main material for minimalism is concrete - therefore, for houses made of other materials, it is necessary to choose a finish that imitates concrete.
The predominance of straight lines and rectangular shapes;
Laconism in the finish;
Restrained colors - preference is given to gray and light shades;
Spacious interior layout.