Makarovsky district is an area in the west of the Kiev region

Today's Makarov District - a Makarov and most Byshevskii District 30 of the last century, which were established in accordance with the decree of All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee of 7 August 1923 "On administrative-territorial division." The area is located in the western part of the Kiev region. Borders with Borodyansky, Kiev Svyatoshinsky and Fastiv Raion and Radomyshlskyi and Brusyliv Raion. The area is 1362.4 km ?. The district flow 11 rivers, the total length of 360 km, the largest of which is Zdvizh and Irpen.

In the district has 69 settlements, united in 36 rural and 2 township council. Population is 48438 people, including men - 19,213 women - 23136. The bulk of the population by nationality is Ukrainian - 46041, also live Russian - 1725, Belarusians - 204, Poles - 148, Armenians - 77 and others.

Since ancient times in the district placed crowded settlements. Found tools and remains of settlements of the late Neolithic and Bronze Age, found the remains of ancient settlements of IX - XII centuries in many villages of the district. From north to south, its territory stretched four snake rolls - protective structures of Kievan Rus'.

In 1320, after Ukraine's liberation from the Tatar-Mongol yoke, in the district appear Lithuanian gentry. Lithuanian feudal Ivashentsevichi chose his residence village Voronin. Subsequently, in the second half of the XVI century, Makar Ivashentsevich began to live here permanently, and his descendants renamed Voronin in the Makarov and themselves began to write Makarovich.Макаровський 

During the liberation struggle of the district's territory coincided with the limits of the then Makarov and Iasnogorodski hundreds of Kiev regiment Rozhivskoi Belotserkovsky. These hundreds participated in the battles of Zborov (1649), Berestechko (1651), Knuth (1652), as well as the popular uprisings of 1664 and 1704 under the leadership Didyk and seeds Paly.

During the uprising Haidamaks Koliivschiny in 1768 the entire territory of present Makarov district was under the control of the well-known leader, a native Gruzsko, Ivan Bondarenko.

In 1804 Makarov and Byszewy become parish center of the Kiev district. Residents in both counties took part in the hostilities of 1812, the Crimean, Russian - Japanese War, the Revolution of 1905 - 1907, the First World War, the revolutionary events of 1917 - 1920. In 1923 he founded Makarovsky and Byshevskii areas, most recently in 1959 and abolished only in December 1966, the territory became part of the Makarov District.

During the Great Patriotic War on the territory of the Makarov and Byshevskii districts operated 23 underground groups and the two guerrilla groups. Makarovskaya land brought the four heroes of the Soviet Union. Gunners: Sergeant A. Petrichenko out with. Andreevka and Guard Sergeant M. Novikov with Gavronschina awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously. Marked by the title of Hero of the Soviet Union born Novoselok, commander of the submarine P-51 I. Kh Kucherenko and pilot from Popovic VT with. Sosnovka.

In 1986, the district came about 9000 persons from the exclusion zone after the Chernobyl accident, which was built about 150 apartments and 2,548 houses of the manor type in 23 villages.

In the course of reforming the agrarian sector in the region have been established: 7 companies with limited liability, 1 agricultural production cooperative, 1 subsidiary company, 1 part-time farm, 84 peasant farmers. To provide farms visokayakisnim highly Reproduction seed farms have been created elithozy potato (JMC SPE "Russia") and nasingosp Group I: potato (OOO AF "Kiev"), with seed crops (JMC SPE "Russia" and OOO " Dobrobut "). In addition, since 1972 successfully operates in the area of winter wheat breeding department of the Institute of Agriculture UAAS.

Industry district represented by 10 major companies, including: LLC "Sloboda Co. (soft drinks and carbon dioxide), OOO" Makarov brick plant ", OJSC" Potential "(Issue puskozaschitnoy relays for refrigerators and parts for consumer electronics), GP" red suburban distillery OJSC, Plahtyansky Pilot Plant for Veterinary Preparations, "branch" Pilot plant for production of Veterinary Preparations scientific-production enterprise "Ukrzoovetpostach" that produce Veterinary Preparations, prefixes and Lanirat bait "to kill rodents.

The district's operating Makarovskyy medical school, 38 secondary schools, among them: Motizhinsky Lyceum, 26 secondary schools I-III stages, 8 - I-II stages, 2 - I-level, 11 teaching and educational associations. In addition, working children and youth sport school, Center for Children and Youth Creativity behalf D. Tuptalo, inter-school educational-industrial complex, a children's arts school, PI "Periwinkle" and DDST Kruszelnicki.

Health District are central district, Byshevskii district hospitals, 9 health clinic and 37 obstetric stations.

Makarov Region generous with the masters of artistic expression, in particular in 1651 the family Makarov centurion Tuptalo Sawa was born and grew up well-known writer and spiritual leader Daniel Tuptalo (Saint Demetrius, Metropolitan of Rostov), who primisleny the saints of the Orthodox Church. He wrote multi-volume "Lives of the Saints" ( "Life of the Saints").

The decoration of the Ukrainian literature began with the names of A. Pidsuhi Nizhilovichi, V. Malik and P. Sichenko with Novoselok, G. Maistrenko with Zabuyannya, Oleinik with Byszewy, I. Kushtenko with Chernogorodka and B. Poliychuku, S. Gordeev with Makarov and many others.

Makarov is the hometown of the People's Artist of Ukraine, State prize laureate of Ukraine named after Taras Shevchenko A. Palamarenko, Honored Artist of Ukraine, the actor of the National Theater Franko A. Timoshenko, Makarov has also become home to a member of the Composers Union of Ukraine, laureate of L Revutskogo, I. Ohienko and B. Liatoshynsky, Commander of the Order of St. Vladimir V. III degree Stepurko and many others.

The district are 56 mass graves, which are buried 2,000 known and 1,500 unknown soldiers. In honor of the fallen soldiers, guerrillas, underground resistance fighters were built over 50 monuments, obelisks and memorials. Under the protection of the state are 169 objects of cultural heritage of the area - is 87 monuments of history and the arts, and 82 monuments of archeology.



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