Kyiv-Svyatoshinsky district is a district in the center of the Kiev region

Regional centers of Kyiv region and cities of regional subordination | Information about the regional centers
Administrative divisions: in the area there are 52 settlements, including 2 cities of regional subordination - Boyarka and cherry, the village shepherds and 49 villages in the territory of which are 28 miskselischsilvikonkomiv. The administrative boundary of the district, which covers the city of Kiev semicircle, is 72 thousand 564 hectares, representing 2.6% of the total area of the Kiev region.

Geographic Location: Kiev Svyatoshinsky district is located in the central part of the Kiev area in the steppe zone of the right side of the Dnieper River Basin. The climate is temperate continental with sufficient moisture, favorable for the cultivation of grain, vegetable, fruit and berry crops. From the west semi-arc, which is over 60 km adjacent to Kiev. It has borders with Vyshgorodsky, north-west Borodyansky and Makarov District and to the south with Vasilkovsky and nickel region.

Water: Irpin, p Buchanka, city Vita.

Population: average population as at 01.01.2008 - 152,4 thousand people, including: urban population - 74,0 thousand people. and rural - 78,4 thousand people.; women - 40,4 thousand, men - 35,8 thousand population density - 212.730 people. / Km ?. In Kiev Svyatoshinskiy area resident citizens of various nationalities. Nationally highest share occupied by Ukrainian, Russian, Belarusians, Poles, Armenians, Jews, Azeris, Moldovans, Bulgarians, Georgians, Tatars.Києво-Святошинський район

History on the Region

Kiev Svyatoshinsky region is famous for the centuries-old history, which goes to the hoary antiquity.

Emergence, flowering and decline of the Kievan state, the enslavement of the Ukrainian lands by foreign invaders and the struggle of the Ukrainian people against social and spiritual slavery, tragically heroic pages of the Ukrainian revolution, "Stalin's industrialization and social collectivization, the famine 32-33-ies and other crimes of totalitarianism, events of World War II and postwar reconstruction, ambiguous and contradictory the next few decades, the difficult years after independence, Ukraine - all these milestones in the history of our region, which has affected its cultural life.

Executive Education District took several steps.

April 4, 1937 Bureau of the CEC of USSR issued a decree on the establishment of administrative districts in the suburban areas of city councils of regional centers. Were created Brovarskyi and Kiev (Svyatoshinsky) areas.

After the liberation of Kiev and the region from the Nazi occupation of August 5, 1944 issued a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet USSR "On renaming, refinement and changes in the names of some cities, regional centers of Ukraine." According to this decree, Kiev (Svyatoshinsky) The area was renamed in Kiev Svyatoshinsky area.

During the period from 1927 to 1973 the area was constantly changing its name, boundaries and composition.

Kyiv land is their wealth has attracted foreign invaders. In the XIX century were particularly frequent raids Pechenegs. And here on the belt rollers Zmiyiv met them Belgorod collateral. One of the episodes of the long struggle of the summer 997 years is described Nester-litopisttsem.

After the death of Vladimir began the struggle for the throne of Kiev. Under the walls of Belgorod than once decided the fate of Kiev.

In less than our region and another disaster - the invasion of Mongol-Tatar, when Batu Khan in 1240, conquered Kiev, it has spread over the hordes of stranded and Irpen to Belgorod.

With the emergence of Muscovy after the Union of Lublin in 1569 at the Kyiv region, as in several other regions that were under the authority of the Commonwealth, significantly increased oppression, including religious oppression. Part Kiev suburban land was transferred to the use of the monasteries.

Monasteries gradually mastered the best land was built household courtyards, zagachuvaly rates at the dams were built mill. Peasants, losing the right to land and were under a double yoke, actively participated in the peasant and Cossack rebellion against the local landowners and against the gentry.

There were people from nearby villages indifferent to political developments that occurred in Ukraine in the XIX century - took part in the Decembrist movement.

At the end of XIX-XX century Kyiv has spread around the building of schools, churches, stores, began lining the highway from Vasilkova in Kiev through the hamlet Shepherds, vporyadkovuvalisya roads and postal stations in Mostische, Belogorodka, Boyarka, Mila, Vite-Postal.

During January-March 1905 the strike movement spread to all provinces of Ukraine. The revolutionary wave in the district was more or less peacefully. But in the years of the new revolutionary upsurge in June 1912 were significant events of revolutionary labor movement becomes Boyarka.

The February 1917 revolution in Russia gave a powerful impetus to the national liberation movement in the Ukrainian lands. Ukrainian Central Rada, Hetman, Directory - milestones of this period. Residents of the area could not stay on the sidelines of the tragic and heroic events.

After the Civil War, all the forces were directed to restore the destroyed economy.

Autumn of 1921 Boyarka turned into a battlefield to overcome fuel shortage in Kiev. In order to use the forest surrounding Boyarka, it was necessary to build a narrow gauge railway, which connected the logging areas to the station Boyarka. The heroism of the young builders of the railway described writer Ostrovsky, who was a participant in these events in the book "How the Steel Was Tempered.

The Great Patriotic War pangs every fellow countryman. This great tragedy has not passed and our district.

Even before the reunification of the western Ukrainian lands in the USSR since 1939 was built a fortified line of defense of the Kiev district (Kiuru). She took the beginning of the Dnieper north of Kiev (in the vicinity of Boyarka), went to the southeast, along the right bank of the river Irpen, through settlements and Mostische Irpen, further along the Kyiv-Sviatoshynskyi district through the myths, Vitu Postal, Foresters , Mrygi and come out the left flank of the Dnieper. Along the entire line length of 75 km have been constructed of reinforced concrete long-term periods (until then), some of them survived until our time. As the memory of the past, almost every town and village there are memorials and monuments, graves, crowning events of the Great Patriotic War.

The occupation of the area left a heavy legacy, the elimination of which became the main task of the postwar period. In the area of specialization occurred rapidly growing vegetable crops, the development of dairy farming, yagodovodstva. Near Boyarka was laid pipeline Dashava - Kiev, built gazonagnitayuchu station and accommodation for the attendants. Subsequently, the number of completed construction of the village of New Tarasovka for demobilized military officers, which later was included in the Boyarka.

In 50-80-s life in the area did not differ no particular suburban areas. In the area completed the construction of brick factories in the forester, Muzychah. Increased production of construction materials contributed to the construction and repair of farms, schools, clubs, welfare institutions, good-quality basic brick houses. The introduction of advanced farming practices, application of chemicals and land reclamation has significantly increased the production of vegetables, milk and meat. District went to one of the first places in the area, and later in the republic.

Cultural life of Kyiv-Svyatoshinskiy district observed a sufficiently large number of eminent personalities at different times lived and worked in the district. They are scientists, poets, painters, sculptors, and composers. Among them we can mention: Peter Mogila (some time living in with. Mikhailovskaya-Rubezhovka), Petr V. Uglyarenko, Nicholas Pimonenko (long lived in with. Malyutyanka, productive work. September 25, 1997 Inauguration of Museum MK Pimonenko) , the famous writer Nikolai Ostrovsky's life and activity which is largely determined by the cultural life Boyarka; Dichenko MP (Ukrainian Soviet astronomer main works related to astrometry and theoretical astronomy. He compiled directory 640 zodiacal stars, Padalka JI (potter in the fifth generation master of traditional pottery), Mohorev YP (Honored Artist of Ukraine, winner of the V. Kasiyana ) Patsioru PP (PhD, author of 31 books, including 14 textbooks for students of forestry colleges and universities); Samoilenko VI (poet and satirist, playwright and translator, a masterpiece of lyric poet - " Evening Song, "" Softly the evening came on the ground, which became the favorite song of the people; AA Pasternak (poet, journalist, historian, author of the wise and witty aphorisms physician author of the poetry collection "The Earth is my white, in his later years, a . Pasternak worked on the book "The Cossack Medicine", which saw the reader only after his death), Ukrainian composer MV Lysenko, a Russian poet Nadson SJ, poet and scholar, author of "Dictionary of the Ukrainian language" B. Grinchenko.

On the territory of the Kiev-Svyatoshinskiy district from 1974, a regional museum. Boyarsky museum created on the basis of literary-memorial museum Ostrovsky, opened in 1974 on the occasion of the 70 th anniversary of his birthday. Museum collection, consisting of more than a quarter century, has about 10 thousand primary and auxiliary science funds.

The modern history of the area worked, and they are doing in this Heroes of Socialist Labor Adamovich Daria Andreyevna, Velichko, Mikhail Nikolayevich, Sologub Antonina Prokofyevna. Heroes of Ukraine - Prilipko Alexei V., Lukyanenko Levko, Yurkovska Elena.

Kiev Svyatoshinsky area is rich in historical and cultural monuments, including archaeological sites belonging to the ancient historical eras, beginning with pozdnetripolskoy culture (III - I millennium BC) and ending the era of Kievan Rus. As a result, numerous archaeological expeditions which were conducted by researchers, scientists, IA NANU in the area revealed 63 archaeological sites were found remains of 70 ancient settlements, 10 settlements, 38 graves and 7 features Zmiyiv shafts.

In the Kiev region Svyatoshinskiy placing powerful research institutions: Institute of Horticulture UAAS, Institute of Agriculture UAAS, Institute of Plant Protection, Institute of Radiology. Scientific research scientists and staff of these research institutions are widely implemented not only in Ukraine but also abroad.

Kiev Svyatoshinsky area is rich in natural resources, has a powerful industrial potential, attractive investment climate, but the most important value, which is priceless - it is the people who live and create in our area

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