Information about Great Britan

Information about the UK. Geography, history, population, map, flag, visa
Brief information about Great BritainBrief information about Great BritainGreat Britain

Brief information about the country

Official name: The United Kingdom of Great Britain And Northern Ireland.

Locaton: the state is located in the north-west of Europe. It occupies the great Britain island ( England , Scotland and Wales ) and a part of Ireland. In the north and west it is washed by the Atlantic ocean, in the east – by the North sea , in the north it is separated from the continent by the English channel.

Capital city: London

The area: 244 820 sq.m.
Big cities: Manchester, Birmingham, Glasgow, Sheffield, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Belfast, Cardiff.

Resorts: Bath, Cheltenham and Weston – Super – Mer - sea resorts with mineral springs. Lamingto , Llandrindod, Built , Planarity ,Harrogate and Buxton -are famous balneal resorts.

Population: 60,5 mln. ( end of 2006 ). Ethnical groups of Britain: the English - 81,5%, the Scots - 9,6%, The Irish - 2,4%, the Welsh - 1,9%, the Ulster -1,8%, as well as the Indians, Pakistanis, Chinese, Arabs, Africans – 2,8%.

Climate: semi-ocean, mild and wet. The coldest month – January ( +2С ; +7С), the warmest - July +11С +17С).

The state language: English; in Scotland – Scotch dialect, in the Northern Ireland - Irish , in Wales – Welsh.

Political Structure: Great Britain – is a Constitutional Monarchy with the Queen at the head. The legislature - is a 2-chamber Parliament ( The chamber of commons and the chamber of lords). The prime-minister is at the head of the government. Since the 27th of June 2007 – the prime minister of great Britain is Gordon Brown.

Great Britain - is a member of U.N.O. starting 1945. It is a member of The Council of Europe and NATO since 1949 , EU - since 1973. Great Britain is still out of The Schengen zone.

Currency: British Pound (10 GBP = 20.0240 USD , July 2007)

Time zone: 3 hours behind the Moscow time.

How to get there: there are regular direct flights between Moscow and London , by three major companies: «Аeroflot», «Тransaero» and British Airways. «Аeroflot» и British Airways are flying from Sheremetievo to Heathrow several times a day . «Тransaero» is flying from Domodedovo to Gatwick and Edinburgh.
Religion: Around 87% of the believers - orthodox. 57% – belong to the Anglican church.

Holidays:
January 1: New Year
March 17 : St. Patrick’s day in the northern Ireland
The second Saturday of June : The Queen’s birthday (official )
December 25th : Christmas
Brief information about Great Britain
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