Information about Switzerland

Information about Switzerland. Geography, history, population, map, flag, visa

Brief information about the country

Оfficial name: Swiss Confederation

Location: border countries: Austria 164 km, France 573 km, Italy 740 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km

Total area: 41,290 sq km

Population: 7,554,661 (July 2007 est.). Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%.

Capital: Bern

Principal cities: Z?rich, Geneva, Basel, Berne, Lausanne

Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers.

Official language: German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official).

The political structure: formally a confederation but similar in structure to a federal republic. President and vice president elected by the Federal Assembly from among the members of the Federal Council for a one-year term. President Micheline Calmy-Rey (since 1 January 2007); Vice President Pascal Couchepin (since 1 January 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government.

International organization participation: UN, UNESCO, WTO.

How to get there: 3 international airports are in Basel, Z?rich, Geneva.

Time zone: 2 hours behind Moscow time.

Currency: Swiss franc (CHF); 1 CHF = 0.8275 USD

Religion: Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%.

National Holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation, 1 August (1291)


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