Information about Greece





Information about Greece. Geography, history, population, map, flag, visa
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Brief information about the country

Оfficial name: Republic of Greece

Location: a state in the south of Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. It borders on Albania, Macedonia and Bulgaria in the North, and on Turkey in the north-east.

More than a thousand of islands belong to Greece, the biggest of them are: Crete, Ewia, Rodos, Lesbos, Chios, аs well as Ionic Archipelago, the Cyclades, Northern and Southern Sporades.

Total area: 132 000 sq. km.

Population: 11 mln. people (end of 2006). Ethnical groups: about 95% of the residents are greeks , the rest are Turks, Macedonians, Albanians, Armenians, Russians.

Сapital: Аthens.

Cities and resorts: Аthens, Thessaloniki, Каstoria, Crete, Halkida, Corcyra, Pirea.

Climate: subtropical Mediterranean. It varies depending on the area. The summer is hot and dry, the temperature in July-August is +25-28 С (sometimes even + 40-45 С). The winter is mild (January - 4-12 С) and rainy. Only in the mountain region it falls below zero.

The political structure:
It is a parliamentary republic. The head of the state is the president, who is elected by the parliament for 5 years and may be reelected for the second term.

Member of the United Nations since 1945. Enters the Council of Europe since 1949, European union - since 1981, NATO - since 1952.

The official language: Greek.

Currency: Euro, 1 euro = 34,9774 rubles (on the 3rd of August)

Time zone: 1 hour behind the Moscow time.

Religion: Most of the Greeks are Orthodoxies.

State holiday: Independence Day (March, 25, since 1821). Map of Greece
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