There are no laws on the ratio of the area of the cottage and the site does not exist, but there are approved standards insolation - for example, what should be the distance to nearby buildings, reservoir or highway. When the project is at home going through the binding to the site, all these factors taken into account.
Palace on the patch
Develop a plan for building up the plot, which takes into account the location of absolutely all facilities to each other, the cardinal and the neighboring houses, quite difficult. Of course, literate architects will be able to organize the space and ergonomically comfortable. And if architects are illiterate? And if the reasonableness prevails over their opinion of the customer, to whom the six hundred parts wanted otgrohat three-storey palace? In general, the building area affected and the configuration of the site and the number of floors of the building. Regarding the relationship between allotments and construction area (the size of the house), there shall come into force the laws of the market that and ask "rules of etiquette." It should be remembered that to sell a small plot with a huge villa near impossible, even at cost (though some want to stand gives way to common sense).
It is considered that the optimum ratio of the size of the house and land - about 1 to 10. However, some experts believe that the "golden section" - a 1 to 15. "It is not recommended at six hundred parts to build two-storey house is more spacious 120 square meters. m, - says Lyudmila Yezhova, CEO of Terra-Real Estate. - Two or three bedrooms will be enough for a comfortable stay a family of four. The best option is, when the house is an area of 200 square meters. m is placed at the site of 10-12 hectare. Accordingly, a cottage in 350-400 square meters. m organically fit on 15-20 hectare, and a mansion in the 500-600 square meters. m not less than 30 hundred. With less liquidity in the amount of land housing will be quite low.
Act - not the pole
However, some architects are listed proportions seem questionable. One can list many examples of cottage size of 350-400 square meters. m, and, with basement and attic, very well located for the 12 weave. And sometimes it's so that the structure of this size "sit down" at 25 a plot area look cluttered. So deviations from the rules are acceptable. For example, if almost all the snout of land is home to permanent residence, it is justified - such as housing people perceive as something between a cottage and an urban apartment, a minimum number of ares is a pleasant bonus. Sold out the same section in townhouses, where, in addition to housing is allocated a tiny piece of land.
"On the plots without a contract at home in most cases are intended for permanent residence, - says Sergey Migunov, director of marketing and development of GC" Conti. - Accordingly, in addition to the home you want the infrastructure, technical facilities and a garage. If the cottage would be too large, the structure they crowd into a heap, and space for garden and recreation area will remain practically. At the same time buying land without a contract after a certain time can result in continuous discomfort. "The fact that such places tend to turn into" Shanghai ", where everyone builds on the rule" who first stood up - that and sneakers, not observing any recommended proportions, nor a height of councils or the rules of accommodation ancillary facilities, - explains Armen Markosian, Director of Marketing Rodex Group. - The suburbs are enough examples where white stone villas with pools and wrought iron gates, which would envy the inhabitants of the C?te d'Azur, side by side with chopped houses 6x7. Naturally, the social homogeneity of speech here is not going. "
At its discretion
In the garden association question about how to build the house, decided purely individual. If you plan to stay only in summer, of course, there is no need to seriously address warming, spending on heating system, and the area should not be increased to absurd dimensions - for 6-8 hundred parts enough of 100-120 square meters. m. But the garden will smell, and the garden to give rich harvests. If chosen by a place in any village, again, is to think carefully: to build a mansion here noblemen or better not to stand out and tune out the rest of the "villagers". In a centuries-old villages of upstarts are not welcome.
Of great importance and the form of allotment. At the very elongated sections is rather difficult to arrange a garden and promenade. Do not have time to think, in what place to put a garage, gazebo or a bath. Therefore, already in the process of land acquisition should take expert advice on a comfortable ratio of length and width of the "piece of the homeland". Is convenient to consider sections 20 to 30 m, 40 to 50 m, etc. Also popular are the territory of trapezoidal and irregular. At least note their owners, do not feel that you live in fenced-off square or rectangle.
Another cause for thought - how high do the house: one-, two-, three-story? It all depends on taste, imagination, the number of family members and the availability of finance. The architectural canons, height depends on the size of the area. In addition to a small plot to build odnoetazhku simply unprofitable, but the two-level house, giving a smaller spot building, doubling its usable space. On the other hand, it is obvious that the number of floors affect construction costs. For example, the inclusion in the plan, even a ground level leads to a substantial rise in the cost of the project, and the rise of the third floor and did double the price. Nevertheless, if the land is small, and the house needs a big, growing up - a compulsory measure.
If we talk about fashion, you should note: today the buyer and the private developer would prefer "average", mostly two-level homes. In addition, in connection with the development of infrastructure cottage villages and dacha future owners have to give up cellars, where in the late 90's it was fashionable to put the sauna, video rooms, Billiard, store, and sometimes guest bedrooms. In general, the demand for tall buildings gone.
Optimum and slightly higher
According to experts, the main demand now accounts for two-level home with full attic or second floor. The presence of the cap - is possible. Such popularity is due, and economic feasibility - cost of 1 square. m is much lower, it might be optimal zoning, besides, to choose whatever architectural style. Finally, in the tradition of the house should be a staircase. That's why 90% of the houses - two levels. With regard to single-storey buildings, then, as a rule, they choose people who are behind a rich experience of suburban life, some have changed not one house. Of course, it deals more with projects elitklassa, since such a house requires a lot area of at least 50-70 hectare.
But the three-storey houses lost their popularity - not only because of the high cost, but also because of difficulties with the internal layout, not to mention the fact that the stairs take up valuable space. From a large number of stairs buyer not happy: fans running up and down is not so much, especially if the family are elderly. Yes, and parents of preschool children in a house is not hankering, fearing for the health of babies, for whom the stairs - the constant risk of injury. Some holders of "skyscrapers" recognized that on the third floor they have to visit a couple of times a month, and then during the show of their possessions guests. But the huge electricity bills and utilities have to pay monthly.
Higher than the cloud
Houses in four floors and more were popular at the dawn of becoming a country market. The first "palaces" for the most part consisted of two full floors, basement and attic. The owners of such monsters seemed - than spacious mansion or more stages, the higher their status. But as the market and experience people realized how uncomfortable to live in a house.
However, imagination and desires are limitless, and finance - it can be acquired. When deficits optimal area - 150-200 square meters. m, number of floors - one or two. Parameters business class - 250-450 square meters. m, which fits into two or even three floors. For expensive estates or villas and 600 square meters. m not the limit, and therefore are willing to build three four-story buildings. But in any case should take into account the purpose of home - it is permanent or raids from time to time. It is clear that in the first case of floor space must be more, and to solve this problem is through stories.