Let's start with the most common thinking on how to be your home.
Material from which to build the house, such as wood or brick? In addition to your taste and the possible costs, we must remember the following. Stone or brick walls require heavy and expensive foundations, with the depth and the unit foundation varies depending on the depth of soil freezing.
Related article: Basement - as a place to live
Heat-shielding properties of stone and brick are low, so when using solid brick leaves a void or make insulated layer.
Heat protection and sanitary-hygienic properties of walls made of logs and lumber is considerably higher compared with the stone and brick.
But a shorter service life, low fire, the initial shrinkage (finishing work taken hold in 1-1,5 years after the acquisition of the house) - the negative properties of wood homes. Note that from the timber to build a home is easier than from the logs, simply a house and decorate, and fire resistance of wooden houses can be improved, revived with new wall with brick or building blocks.
Next question - build a house floor or multi-storey?
Mention the main positive and negative aspects of those and other buildings. For the one-story house foundation required much more than a two-story house of the same area, and consequently, the construction will cost more, especially in the construction in the northern areas or intumescent soil (clay, loam, melkopeschanom). Lack of multi-room single-story houses - the complexity of the plan.
Two-storey house is 30-40% smaller footprint than the floor of the same area. Decreases the area of the basement, second floor can accommodate self-contained bedrooms. However, during the construction of a multistory building must be scheduled stairs that take up extra space.
The windows of habitable rooms should face south, southeast or east. It is desirable not to locate living quarters and a window on the side of the prevailing winter winds.
How many and what kind of rooms should be in your house?
To answer this question directly is impossible, because the size and layout of the house depends on many things: the number of family members and potential visitors, your hobbies, financial capacity, and on many other factors. But there are some general things to know when choosing a house project.
The first room in the house - usually indoor and glazed porch, a minimum area of 5.2 m2. The area must be the natural and artificial lighting. The second mandatory premises - entrance (minimum area 5.6 m2), is commonly used for storage of outdoor clothing, outdoor footwear, umbrellas, etc.
Hall (the minimum area of 15 m2) is used to receive visitors in your home.
Living room - the next room (minimum area of 20 m2), followed by bedrooms (by residents at home and possible guests), kitchen, dining room (not less than 20 m2), it is possible and pantry for food storage (preferably a pantry appeared on the northern side) .
Dressing room (an area not less than 1,5 m2), bathroom (an area not less than 5 m2) it is desirable to place next to the bedrooms.
Depending on your resources and passions should be planned in the home office space: an office, library, music room, a room for children's games and sports (the latter is better placed in a high basement, if you decide to build a house with the basement), a winter garden, etc . etc.
In some cases, extend the living space at home to help the terrace overlooking the south, and a veranda on the north side of the house.
It is very important to lay the house had a minimum of anadromous room (better if such a room, absent) and a minimum of corridors.
Depending on your type of home is chosen and the scheme of overlapping. The most common advice on this choice:
* For homes up to 6 m width are recommended single-span structure with a roof hanging on the rafters (the lower belt trusses used as a camp ceiling beams);
* For homes wider than 6 meters is usually recommended a simple two-span structure with an average load-bearing wall (the value of overlapping spans in this case is 4.3 m);
* When the spans of more than 4 m is necessary to use thick wooden beams (for basements and floor slabs should pay particular attention to the thickness and quality of such beams).
If you are going to design their own future home, remember that fully meets your needs and capabilities of project homes, that corresponds to the conditions of your site, can make for you only an architect.
Do not be afraid of paying the fee, in future they will be compensated by the operation of the house, because the project includes building and bind to the terrain and the electrical part, and communication (heating, water and sewage).