Life in a private country house from a technical point of view primarily means the absence of the usual central heating. So there is a need to choose the method of heating a country house - and it is desirable to determine this at the design stage of the cottage. Portal Zagorodna.com understands what kinds of heating the country house exist, which types are better suited for permanent residence and for seasonal, and we will tell a few tricks that will help to keep the heat in the cottage.
Before we talk about the various options for heating the house, let's say a few words about the way to heat the chosen coolant. Usually the heating process takes place in a boiler that operates on various types of fuel, including gas, coal, electricity, and others. More details on the types of fuel, their advantages and disadvantages can be found in the article "Communications in a country house". Note that the cheapest fuel in the Kiev region is considered to be gas, but only if the house is connected to a main gas pipeline.
Water heating works as follows - the boiler heats the water, which then enters the batteries through the pipes and returns to the boiler again. There is a water heating system with a natural circulation of the carrier and with a forced system. In the first case, water heating works due to the driving force due to the different density of hot water in the supply and discharge pipes. Thus, during the heating process in the boiler, less dense hot water is pushed upward by denser cold water. In the case of a "forced" water heating system, the circulation pump acts as the driving force.
Water is an available type of coolant;
The volume of water in the heating system remains constant;
This type of house heating is easy to install;
The possibility of creating a thermal circuit in the house, thanks to which the heat in the room will spread evenly.
To fully warm the room, water heating requires a lot of time;
The water circulating through the pipes must be of high quality, with the minimum presence of salts and other impurities in it;
In winter it is possible to freeze water in the pipes, which will lead to their breakthrough.
Another kind of heating of premises, in which water acts as a coolant. When using a steam heating system, the scheme is as follows - the water in the boiler heats up to the temperature when it turns into steam. Passing through the pipes steam again turns into water and flows back to the boiler. This type of heating is suitable, both for heating the room, and as a source of hot water for domestic needs.
Low installation cost;
High level of heat transfer;
Unlike water, steam does not freeze in the pipes.
Steam can lead to corrosion of pipes;
Lack of room temperature control;
With steam heating, the surface of the radiators is very hot, which can lead to burns.
In the case of air heating, the essence of his work is as follows: a special heat generator with a fan and a heat exchanger heats the air, which then goes through the ducts into the room, where it pushes cold air out of the pipes, which in turn comes back to the generator. The latter can work on both solid and liquid fuels, and combustion products must go through the pipe.
Uniform and rapid warm-up of the room;
Availability of air filtration function;
Ability to adjust the temperature in the room.
Installation of an air heating system is possible only when the building is erected;
Expensiveness of installation;
A thermal generator for air heating takes up a lot of space.
This type of house heating is suitable for cottages intended for seasonal living. Electric heating has several varieties: heat guns, oil heaters, wall batteries. Due to the high cost of electricity, this option is best suited for houses intended for seasonal living.
Easy to install;
High cost of electricity;
Need additional equipment for hot water supply.
Another way to heat both country houses, and apartments, which recently enjoys increasing popularity. The warm floor can be both electric and water. In the first case, a special heating cable is laid under the floor covering - thus the whole floor becomes the heat source in the house. In the case of water heating, warm water serves as a source of heating, which flows through pipes laid under the floor covering.
Uniform heat distribution throughout the room;
Fast heating of the room, the possibility of temperature control;
Long service life.
Illiterate laying of the cable can lead to damage to the floor covering;
High cost of installation and, in the case of electric floor, maintenance.
Of course, all of the above methods of heating can be combined with each other - for example, owners of country houses are increasingly preferring a bundle of batteries and a warm floor, while the latter allows you to "warm up" individual rooms, such as bedrooms or bathrooms
How to keep warm in a country house
In addition to the main heat source, there are several simple ways to help keep the heat in the rooms. Recommendations are more suitable for those who prefer traditional methods of heating a private house, but they will not interfere with the use of warm floors.
Using a heat reflective screen
One of the most accessible ways to avoid unnecessary loss of heat from radiators is to place a heat-reflecting screen from the foil behind the heating device. It prevents heat leakage through the wall, reflecting it back into the room. The heat-reflecting screen, which is glued over the entire surface behind the battery, should be larger in size than the heater, and the fins of the radiator should not touch the foil. Use it is possible as special heat-reflecting screens (sold in all construction shops), and high-quality kitchen foil.
The thicker and thicker the curtains and curtains on the windows, the more heat will remain in the house on long winter nights. However, it is very important not to interfere with the penetration of sunlight into the house during the day - the sun, of course, is not always pleasing with its presence, but the more valuable is its warmth. To further insulate the house, you can also hang curtains on the doorways.
Free space around radiators
Try to avoid placing large pieces of furniture near the batteries and radiators - the surface of the sofas and armchairs quickly absorbs some of the heat, albeit for a short time.
Carpets and floor coverings
The floor, especially wooden, can absorb up to 10% of the heat from the heaters. To prevent its loss can be with the help of ordinary carpets - it is not necessary to cover the whole house, it is enough to place the covers in the most frequently used premises. In addition, competently selected carpet will allow you to diversify the design of the house and bring a cozy atmosphere.
Earlier it was reported on heating the country house.