Window! I remember Peter the first of his "cut through", some of the most popular personalities used them more frequently than doors, windows and generally devoted a lot of lines in prose and in verse. However, today we do without iambs and trochees: talk about the pragmatic side of the window.
The more so on the nose winter, cold, drafts and related respiratory diseases.
Specifically, we will talk about the so-called euro-windows: they are modern, pleasing to the eye, heat-saving ... But to choose the right are not so simple.
About it and talk.
Any such window consists of three parts: profile, glass and furniture. Here is a profile and get started.
I have an oak profile!
Profile, but simply put - the frame can be aluminum, wood, aluminum clad wood or plastic.
Plastic (PVC) - the most demanded material. It does not burn, is not afraid of water and frost. Moreover, according to many experts, is absolutely harmless. In addition, it requires no paint or varnish, or even regular maintenance. True, if it will scratch, then this has nothing to do.
Inside plastic reinforced with metal fittings, it has airbags, which do not allow heat to leave the premises.
Top frame, according to the same experts, produced by German firm "KBE" and "VEKA". The service life of such windows can reach 45 years (admittedly, in 10-15 years will have to change the seals). If the preferred profile of Turkish origin, then you will win in the price of 20-30 percent, but lost in the reliability and durability. Simply put, tonkovat he holds less heat, more skips sound distorted. There are also profiles of domestic production ("Veltplast). They, too, about 20 percent cheaper than German, but above Turkey in quality.
Plastic windows can be ordered laminated wood, stone or marble, but it is more expensive by 15-20 percent. A general standard colors - a white and black.
The next type of structure - wood. Wooden frames are of two types - one-piece rod (classical variant) and glued (euros).
The first is much cheaper, but it is painfully reminiscent of those same windows that were installed in the Soviet era.
True, the seal is placed on the perimeter, so to seal these windows for the winter is not necessary. Install them easier than plastic.
True, it is necessary to paint or varnish to process every 3-5 years. But the main drawback - the frame can "story" under the influence of moisture and temperature changes. Traditional material - pine or fir, it is the cheapest timber, its lifetime is limited to 15-20 years. But "no leads" Frame of laminated wood, since the direction of fibers in different layers of the profile does not coincide in direction. But such a profile considerably more expensive.
Eurowinows doing and made of precious wood: oak, larch, beech and chestnut. In addition, laminated frames are not just beautiful, and covered with special waterproof varnishes and stains that do not clog pores and allow the wood to "breathe." Fairly resistant coating that is scratch or break off Eurowindows pretty hard. But even if that happens, a scratch or a hole from the blow you can paint over putty designed for wood.
The only negative eurowindows - lacquer on them still have to update every 5-7 years. Everything else - windows, door seals, accessories, options open - like a plastic window. Price is also comparable: a standard box of cheap wood-one price, more precious wood raises the price of the product by 1,5-2 times.
But the window of aluminum has not yet taken root in our apartments - they are placed mainly in the summer pavilions, terraces, loggias unheated. And all because of this metal, like any other, great conductor of heat and therefore cools the room quickly. However, today's manufacturers have learned to cope with this problem and, along with "cold" aluminum profiles produce "warm" - with special inserts of insulating material (usually nylon). That's what we need! These frames are not completely respond to heat and cold, do not rust and will last a hundred years. They can be anodized (shiny) or painted to match the wood. In "warm" aluminum only one drawback - the price.
Choose only the white profile of a new generation: it introduces special additives that prevent the white frame yellowing under the influence of weather conditions.
You can buy a euro windows made of pine, but staining order under precious wood - this procedure offers almost all of the firm. With a kind frame will be oak, but it will cost only 10-12 percent more expensive.
When choosing windows seller is obliged to show you the profile section. You should see at least three cameras, as there may be four or five.
In all the windows inserted glass (two or three glasses are connected together a special seal on the perimeter). Double-glazed window is mono (two glasses and one air chamber between them, the total thickness - 20-24 mm) or two-chamber (three glass and two cameras, the total thickness - 28-41 mm). Second, of course, more expensive, but better to keep warm and protect from street noise. There are still three-compartment windows, but they need except for a very cold climate or a very noisy area.
The whole construction is tightly soldered at the seams, so if one broke the glass, will have to change all the windows. Inside lay along the contours of a special tape with beads of silica gel, which dries and razrezhivaet air between the panes. Sealed insulating glass window protects the interior from dust and moisture absorbent granules provide enhanced thermal insulation properties.
If you want additional benefits, you can choose a special glass. For example, heat-saving. On his special coating that reflects heat back into the room. The so-called k-glass (it is "solid," "Eco Plus") does not give away 60-90 percent of the heat, with the misses into 60-80 percent of the world. I-glass (it is also "soft") sends back a 90-95 per cent of the heat, and light falls within 75-85 percent. There are also "thermal mirror", where the glass is stretched between a transparent film, reflecting the heat inside, and the harmful ultraviolet rays - out. Cost of heat-glazed for 50-70 per cent more expensive than usual.
To determine whether the packet with energy-saving glass, hold the lighter to the window. You will see some reflections of the flame. If one is different in color, it means that the glass is really energy saving. The external glass is shock-resistant, even bulletproof, and possible with stained glass and colored glass.
If you are offered a single-chamber windows with argon and k-glass, beware. Heat-shielding properties he does no worse than a conventional two-chamber, but the soundproofing is inevitable falls.
Tempered glass, which was further processed at higher temperatures, stronger than normal in a few times. Furthermore, even if such a glass is broken, it does not disintegrate into fragments, and the rounded grains, which can not hurt. At a cost it more than the usual 45-50 per cent.
That the Germans were well
Wood-aluminum windows - a special kind of European windows. They are often called the Scandinavian or Finnish - in fact they exist in three variants.
Finnish version: in fact, they are two separate windows of wood and aluminum, not attached to one another. You can open the doors together or separately. This is the most heat-saving and soundproof windows (due to the large distance between the wings).
But there are also disadvantages: they are heavy and only opened in the traditional way.
Swedish type is similar to Finnish, but the doors are connected. Open they are always together, while they can and recline.
Finally, the German version: a wooden frame and put the box outside the aluminum lining. They secured a sly way, so that the water inside or bleeding.
In this case, between wood and aluminum has a small air chamber, a strip of polyamide (aluminum and wood differently conduct heat, and just put them together you can not). It is relatively light and operable windows as you like.
Get to handle
Virtually the entire window fittings from Germany or Austria. Differences between brands are important only for specialists - all of it reliable and elegant. Naturally, the loops must be adjustable. In today's window all controlled by one handle. But while the number of window parts may reach a hundred. And there is nothing surprising. Accessories to classify by the method of opening, the opening direction (left or right) and the allowable weight of sash.
As regards the manner of opening, the flap can be turned either on the vertical axis, or horizontal, and tilt-turn fittings combines both possibilities. She is most comfortable. On the one hand, allows the window opens up on top, without creating a draft and not interfering on the windowsill to grow flowers in pots, on the other hand, you can always open the window wide open. It will cost more, but for the budget conscious there is a little trick: accessories SiegeniaAubi allows you to install on a standard swing door window mechanism with three fixing the opening level, which can open the box is not only fully, but as it is needed.
Also in windows without glass, you can insert inside a mosquito net - an indispensable thing for a country house. Light and air, it passes without any problems, but the insects in the house did not fall. Make it useful device made of aluminum, so that the water and the sun will not harm him.
By the way, the grid can be ordered and later installed it simple. Do not forget about low tides, the rain does not fill the window.
And, of course, you need to remember about the slopes, that is part of the window opening at the side of the frame.
Often, after installation of windows look old slopes stripped (this is one of the reasons why the change window is better to repair the room). Manufacturers of plastic windows offer the same plastic slopes. Maybe they do not look very stylish, but are assembled in 1-2 hours. In addition, plastic close defects on the wallpaper around the opening. And inexpensive. In other cases, the slopes will have to finish on classic technology: 2 or 3 layers of stucco, plaster, and paint stripping. But we can put and sheetrock, but it's more expensive.
Progenitor of the windows was an elementary opening for smoke from primitive dwellings, which at the same time provide some room lighting and fresh air. Light penetrated only through the courtyard. The Greek buildings the window was a rarity, and it was kind of a narrow slit. In the hall for banquets, intended only for men in the wall on the south side cut through one or more of these windows-slits. And on the female half of the daylight was not supposed to.
Later in the Ukraine peasants in wooden buildings, and even urban buildings began to use mica okonnitsy. Due to the great cold, used a special sliding board, "overcast" window opening - this so-called Volokovaya window.
History tells us that the first glazing buildings - this room baths at Pompeii with the windows size 0.9 x 1, 2 m. In the Middle Ages, the main center and decorative window glass production is Venice.
In the sixties of the XX century appeared the first of the so-called windows of polyvinyl chloride, abbreviated as PVC. This material referring to a group of thermoplastics. Pure PVC of 43 per cent consists of ethylene (petrochemical product) and 57 percent of the combined chlorine derived from common salt.