Classification of land recreational purposes
According to Art. 47 Land Code of the lands recreational purposes include lands that have natural healing qualities, used or usable for disease prevention and treatment of people.
In addition to the Land Code of the characteristics of land recreational purposes, the specificity of their use, conservation, environmental, life safety of the population, etc., covered in other legal acts, such, for example, as: Constitution Act, Sun SSR "On Environmental Protection" from 06.25.1991, the № 1264XII, as amended (hereinafter - the Law on Nature Protection) Act, the resorts.
Spa, health and beauty zones are territories that are expressed by natural healing properties: mineral springs, climatic and other conditions favorable for the treatment and rehabilitation of people (Section 1, Art. 62 of the Law on the resort).
To the resort, which use mineral deposits belonging to the natural curative resources (underground mineral water, mud, etc.), set the zone of mining and health protection. The legal regime of zones of sanitary protection of water bodies regulated by the Cabinet of Ministers of 18.12.1998, № 2024. The boundaries of districts and health zones (mountain-sanitary) protection resorts of national importance shall be approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine together with the decision on conferring the status of natural areas resort area of national importance. The boundaries of districts and health zones (mountain-sanitary) protection of local resorts are approved respectively by the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, regional, Kyiv and Sevastopol city councils in conjunction with the decision on conferring the status of natural areas the resort area of local importance.
Classification of natural areas to the spa and therapeutic areas by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Conservation treatment of such areas are defined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in accordance with Ukrainian legislation.
Limitations of the lands recreational purposes enshrined in Art. 1948 Land Code, which prohibits:
1. Osuschestvlenie activity, which contradicts the intended purpose of land recreational purposes (Section 1, Art. 48)
2. Osuschestvlenie activities which may adversely affect the natural healing properties of such lands (Section 1, Art. 48)
3. Transfer of land ownership and making available to enterprises (institutions, organizations) and citizens for activities incompatible with conservation of natural healing properties and relaxation of the population (Section 3, Article. 48).
Thus, any other activity incompatible with the protection of natural healing properties and providing favorable conditions for the rest of the population, on such lands is prohibited by law.