Classification of land for industry, transport, communications and other purposes





Classification, types of land in the suburban real estate market in Ukraine
The classification of land for industry, transport, communications, energy, defense and other purposes is given in Chapter 13 of the Land Code.

For industrial land owned lands provided for the placement and operation (Clause 1, Article. 66 of the Land Code):
  • main, auxiliary and auxiliary buildings
  • industrial plants, mining, transport and other enterprises of their driveways
  • utilities
  • other facilities

Land of industry may be in the state, communal and private property (Clause 2, Article. 66 of the Land Code). The size of land plots allocated for such purposes shall be determined in accordance with approved in the prescribed manner by state standards and design documentation, and land allocation by taking into account the sequence of their development.

According to Clause 2, Article. 1967 Land Code, land transport may be in the state, communal and private property.

However, this possibility can not always be achieved for certain types of land, namely:
  • land for railways, automobile roads, air and pipeline transport. If such lands are communal property, they can not be transferred to private ownership
  • land under state railways, state property and pipeline transport aircraft. Such state-owned land can not be transferred to private ownership. At the same time, the law does not prohibit the transfer of said lands to municipal property

According to Clause 1, Article. 75 Land Code of the connection to the land include land plots under: air and cable telephone and telegraph lines, satellite communications.

Earth connection may be in the state, communal and private property (Section 2, Article. 75 of the Land Code). The exception to this are the plots of land occupied by space systems. Such lands are located exclusively in state ownership, transfer them to municipal and private property is prohibited by applicable law (Par. "and" Paragraph 3, Article. 83, Abs. "And" Clause 4, Article. 84 of the Land Code).

According to the rules of art. 10 of the Law on Telecommunications, land, pertaining to lands of communication, can be provided in due course the property of their owners or transferred to constant use or leased land relations entities, including individuals - business entities and corporations, for the location of linear and station buildings, antennas, towers and other technical means of telecommunications.

According to Clause 1, Article. 1977 Land Code to include the lands of Defense lands granted for the placement and constant activity of military units, institutions, military schools, businesses and organizations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military units formed in accordance with Ukrainian legislation.

As a general principle of land defense may be in the state and communal property (Section 2, Article. 77 of the Land Code). At the same time, the Land Code contains a "special" rule for identifying the law with respect to land defense. Thus, the land of Defense are public property. The exception to this are the plots of land for social and cultural facilities, industrial and residential purposes. This rule is enshrined in the (Par. "b" § 3 Abs. "In" - Section 4 of Art. 84 of the Land Code). The transfer of such lands to private and communal property is prohibited by applicable law.

Military units to carry out their functions and tasks of land available for permanent use (Article 2 of the Law on land use defense).
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