The most vulnerable country in the world - Bangladesh
The British consulting company Maplecroft published on long-term observations rating the vulnerability of countries, which in 2011 could be badly hit by natural disasters caused by global warming. The most dire predictions regard to Bangladesh. This country is a leader in rating, which can be quite useful for both investors and tourists.
Bangladesh, like neighboring India, threatened by prolonged downpours and severe flooding, which will lead to mass casualties and destruction. And as living standards in Bangladesh - a country where population density is one of the highest in the world - one of the lowest in the world, Maplecroft confident that the country can not alone withstand the elements, so here we should expect a large number of victims of floods and subsequent epidemics.
In general, experts say, the entire Southeast Asia, the east coast of Africa and Central America next year will suffer from the anomalous increase in temperature, rainfall and high humidity. It is predicted that within the next 30 years, the frequency and strength reduction, and hence the number of victims - will only increase.
The rating takes into account the direct threat of natural disasters, the number of funds that must be spent to save lives, and how much the country has money to remedy the effects of binge elements. That`s why the safest are the EU and the U.S., where although it is expected the heat and floods, but there are means for a quick response.
In Ukraine the level of natural hazards, both in the U.S.
The rating Maplecroft, which takes into account the vulnerability of 170 countries, Ukraine - among the countries with medium level of danger. We - at the 125 th position and only four lines from the United States (129). U.S. southeast coast is constantly exposed to severe storms, which, thank God, in Ukraine does not happen, but we are losing America as well as in States more resources to minimize the effects of even such elements, which makes the U.S. safer. "For Ukraine, we have defined a low level of possible floods, droughts and cyclones. But Ukraine`s ability to adapt to climate change is low because of its relatively low water security and low technologies ", - told the" Today "representative Maplecroft Jason Makgoven.