How to determine the quality of furniture in the home and to protect themselves and their children? On this issue L. Rudnytsky tried to answer in a chapter of his book:
Related article: In Ukraine, registered Green Building CouncilFurniture that surrounds us, and the air, which she poisons
Furniture surrounds us always and everywhere, it has become so part of being the majority of people in the world that we have and not think, on what is in essence we sit, lie down, what kopim money with what loving, wash the dust ... How comfortable lounge chair looks like: a wide seat with a comfortable upholstered backrest comfortably leans back, enticing and bewitching, promising peace, rest, nirvana. Armrests slightly rounded, so that they were pleased to put his hands. There's even a footstool, which can be pododvigat to the chair. It would seem that nothing can disturb our peace, and on the contrary - to rest stuck to the members, the opportunity to take a nap and get fit and healthy, ready for new challenges.
But there it was. Our furniture is often fraught with unconscious danger. Selection of materials from which made some pieces of furniture, can cause persistent poisoning, comparable to the action of carcinogenic toxins car exhaust. If the material is fine it delights furniture designers, slightly familiar with the ergonomics, giving furniture fragility and insecurity, can really hurt you.
Suspected allergenicity cause of specialists, many models of furniture assembled in China. The secret of frequent allergies in the owners of such furniture is that to protect seats from water vendors often use the tool against the mold. Itself perfectly ordinary event, but the danger to the health of users has been repeatedly proved by doctors.
If you thought that did not sit on a chair or sofa and onto the floor to avoid contact with harmful substances - is a way out of the alarming situation, it is forced to disappoint you. Not an option, at least if it's the floor made of PVC.
PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride, and this is one of the most dubious of synthetic materials. Maybe you're wondering - they say, who puts a synthetic floor at home, wanting to distribute in your own apartment dubious charm of the office?
In vain, because one in five of us doing it! Statistics show that the market share of PVC as flooring is 20%.
PVC is hardly suitable for the living room, simply because with him not at home. But in the kitchen, hallway, bathroom and even in some children's rooms floor put in PVC. After all, it is easy to care for it waterproof and very durable. In addition, there were formatting, which can make such a floor is quite acceptable.
But, unfortunately, a cover can not be recommended for any room. About this some time ago, told readers of Journal of Ecology "Oko-Test", which is more closely examined 14 types of PVC flooring. Unambiguous result of the joint test - catastrophic.
Coatings contain significant amounts of hazardous substances regardless of price, appearance, or a supplier. That is, regardless of whether such coverage in rolls, or laid a beautiful tile, foam is a material on a linen base, granules or with a picture under a rock - in any case, the estimate is one: "unsatisfactory".
Criticism of auditors laboratories have caused the material used in plasticizers. They are necessary in order to out trudnosypuchego, brittle material to create a flexible synthetic mass, which can roll out and lay.
In floor coverings are primarily used phthalate compounds, especially compound plasticizers DINP (diizono-nilftalat) and DIDP (diizodetsilftalat). They range from 10 to 30% of the material. But they like and have long used the plasticizer DEHP (dietilgeksilftalat), banned as plasticizing agents for toys for children under 3 years.
However, the floors are made of PVC are not considered to place children's games, and therefore do not fall under the ban. At the same time about the small children who crawl on the PVC flooring and sometimes even lick it or bite coming off corners, nobody thinks. The result - a children's asthma from crawling on the floor. But such a diagnosis you no one will ever write.
How could focus on the market offers a modern household goods for the family? First and foremost - to include his natural common sense. The rest I'll tell you.
We begin with the aesthetic perception of furniture and its proven effect on human health and, consequently, the rest of the family.
A person may feel that he does not respond to color, but his eyes knowingly adapted by nature to catch the slightest shades of color (up to 1.5 million tones) and in a certain way to respond to them. Subliminal and his genetic memory fix all the color information. Therefore, stay in a certain color can quietly influence and guide our emotions and actions.
Unfavorable colors for furniture are:
• Blue - creates a sensation of cold and discomfort;
• Brown (including the finish under a tree) - causes melancholy, leads to the development of depression;
• Gray - evokes sadness and discouragement;
• Red - creates tension, resulting in hypertension;
• black and purple - significantly reduces the space that can be harmful to the psyche of people who suffer from claustrophobia.
All this affects the human psyche, calming him, or, conversely, by destroying the nervous system. Correctly picking colors surrounding furniture and home interiors, is realistic to create a particular psychological aura in the house. Weather in the house, which is so well sung my favorite singer.
Furniture made of particle board
Chipboard (DSP), used to make furniture, pressed under high temperature and intense pressure. In the small wood chips are added artificial (urea formaldehyde or phenol-formaldehyde) resin as a binder.
After pressing chipboard veneer films made from thermoset polymers. These highly active substances such as formaldehyde, phenols, phthalates, and polymers, evolved from the CPD, are very harmful to human health. Their presence is easily determined by an unpleasant smell.
Our troubles are now a big part of the furniture is made of chipboard, to which the manufacturers have their reasons. But should we buy furniture from DSP?
Not least because that formaldehyde contained in them, is a highly allergenic substance that, getting to air on the mucous membrane of respiratory tract, can cause bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, not counting the "little things": eye irritation, runny nose and cough, affectionate, transforms into chronic.
WHO has officially declared formaldehyde a carcinogen because it has been unequivocally established that the substance can actually cause cancer. In addition, under the influence of formaldehyde developed degenerative changes in liver, kidney, heart and brain.
Impact of phenol and formaldehyde is dangerous as his distant consequences, those that occur after a long time and, most frightening, can be transmitted to future generations. What do you do if you still have to buy furniture from particle board?
Firstly, it is not recommended to use DSP to mask the batteries in the apartment (which is very often made for decorative purposes) as well as by the heat release increases in air pollutants. Also, do not use particle board for insulating floors, if the same plate bare and uncovered the top.
Secondly, it must be remembered that the chipboard on the content of free (ie having the ability to stand out from the furniture), formaldehyde is divided into three classes:
• E1 class (up to 10 mg per 100 g dry board);
• Class E2 (10-20 mg);
• The class of E3 (30-60 mg).
To protect yourself from the harmful effects of formaldehyde and other highly active agents when buying furniture to demand documents (health certificate), evidence of product safety, and pay attention to the quality of finish - good or painted or papered with veneer (laminate) the end faces of panels and hidden cavity.
Laminate - a special film which covers the wood or particleboard. Film itself is harmless. Danger is the glue and sealant, which keeps the laminate.
Dangerous are also ill-treated and edge chipped particleboard. These areas should be isolated.
More progressive in comparison with the ADI is MDF - high-quality and more expensive furniture material, produced by hot pressing of wood dust without toxic binders.
Harmful substances can long stand out from the furniture, moreover, according to some experts, the furniture over time begins to release hazardous substances even stronger, as the resin starts to decompose.
It should also be noted that a fire burning chipboard (like hardboard, plywood, etc.) into the air in a huge amount of formaldehyde that can cause immediate poisoning.
So, in short, experts recommend to buy only certified furniture that has been checked for allocation in the air of chemicals hazardous to human life, health and the environment.
Hardboard, used in the manufacture of furniture should be covered with veneer, laminate and are protected by a layer of PVC.
Furniture for children should be made only from particleboard with formaldehyde emission class E1, the concentration of volatile substances that are 3 times lower than the maximum allowable standards.
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