Meanwhile, the Ministry of Regional Development recently reported that the work on the preparation of the concept of development of the Crimea. The concept is being developed by the integrated 150 projects and activities declared by federal executive bodies, governments Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol city of federal significance.
Related article: In Kiev, stopped construction of the subwayWhile much remains to be clarified, it is already known that the Federal Target Program (FTP) must be approved prior to July 1, 2014. The concept of development of the Crimea until 2020 envisages investments of at nearly $ 1 trillion. rubles, of which 95% - federal funds RF.Ee execution, according to the authors, will increase the gross regional product (GRP) and the level of wages in the Crimea 5 times in seven years. Self-sufficiency and bezdotatsionnyh region due out in 2017.
The program will begin in 2015 financed, however, and in 2014, which is considered a preparatory Crimea will receive 54.4 billion rubles. In particular, 14 billion rubles allocated for the modernization of the Crimean branch structure of industry and 13, 5 billion rubles - for capital construction projects in the Crimea and Sevastopol, and housing construction. It may be added that, since the entry of the Russian Crimea peninsula has already received (outside the program) about 70 billion rubles.
In the Ministry of Regional Development expects that the implementation of the federal target program will bring the income level of the peninsula to the average level, increase the tax base of municipal budgets and reduce their level of subsidies. The concept seeks to increase the revenues of the consolidated budget per capita in 2020 to 3 times, as well as to increase the total volume of investment in fixed capital per capita 3.7 times.
This overall figures and trends. But became known and some concrete steps that will follow after the approval of the Concept. About them in the middle of May, First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam Temirgaliev Crimea.
In particular, Simferopol and Feodosia receive additional district roads. Simferopol and Kerch are connected by a straight railway (now it passes through Djankoi). Provides for the construction of a modern highway Yalta - Alushta - Theodosius. New airport terminal "Simferopol" is connected to the city by rail "Aeroexpress".
Additionally, you can already be considered solved the question of the construction of gas pipeline Kuban - Crimea, have a capacity of 2 billion cubic meters per year. As reported May 15 the company's CEO "Chernomorneftegaz" Andrey Ilyin, its construction is scheduled for completion in 2017.
Purpose of the pipeline - to ensure energy independence of Crimea. For this purpose, on the peninsula will be built two thermal power plants with total capacity of up to 800 MW and two high-voltage power line from Anapa to Feodosia.
With regard to the needs of the population in the city gas, provides them completely "Chernomorneftegaz", which this year goes to the level of production of 2 billion cubic meters by 2020 and intends to increase production through the development of deposits "Schmidt" and "Trhankutskoe" to 2.5 billion
Than we will supply problem Peninsula water. Ministry of Natural Resources has developed a top-priority measures to ensure the supply of drinking water to the Crimea. "There is a plan, approved by the ministry, was made yesterday a government decree on financing this plan - 2.5 billion rubles - said May 28 the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Sergey Donskoy. - We are talking about drilling, use of local runoff, and there is a repair of drains and reservoirs will be renovated. "
The plan, says Don, will provide current supply Peninsula, and the fall of the scheme will be adopted to ensure drinking water throughout the region, taking into account the internal and external sources. To compensate for water that does not come with Ukraine SCM will be used resources of the neighboring regions, in particular, is supposed to adjust the supply of drinking water by tanker from the Krasnodar region, the minister explained.
Despite the sanctions, from the Crimea not abandoned by foreign investors. First of all, we are talking about companies from China. The construction of a transport corridor in Crimea through the Kerch Strait to cost $ 2-3 billion can be brought Chinese state-owned construction and private investment fund, as part of the project will be invested in RMB. Negotiations are ongoing. Previously it was assumed that everything will be decided during the May visit of Vladimir Putin to China. However, both parties have decided ahead of time no one strain.
I must say that China planned to invest in Crimea and earlier: at the end of 2013 China and Ukraine signed an agreement on the construction of a deepwater port near Yalta. Then Chinese companies expected to participate in the reconstruction of Sevastopol Sea Fishing Port, in the construction of the airport in the Crimea, shipyards and refineries. Participation in the construction corridor, thus can be a guarantee for further development of these projects, whose fate in terms of total crisis in Ukraine was clearly unenviable. Implementation of such large-scale projects - is many billions of dollars into the economy of the peninsula, which greatly complement the funds allocated under the FTP over Crimea.
In addition, the spring of 2013 Shipyard "Sea" in Feodosia handed China landing craft air cushion type "Bison" worth 350 million Now the shipyard is building the second such ship to China, and there is a good chance that cooperation in this area continue.
The Chinese are trying to keep pace with the Germans. Just the day before it was reported that German businessmen to visit Crimea. "As far as I know, now a group of German businessmen are going to visit Crimea, despite the fact that Kiev has officially recognized the peninsula" occupied territory "and imposed restrictions," - said a well-known Ukrainian political analyst Kost Bondarenko. He also noted that against this background the Ukrainian government attempts to resolve the crisis in the South-East by force pointless and dangerous for the country.
Obviously, the position of Germany affect large corporations who do not want to bear huge losses due to political reasons. It is obvious that the Germans were seriously interested in attractive investment climate in the Crimea, which Russia strongly creates.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in "Vesti on Saturday" May 24 confirmed that at present as one of many options for the development of the region is considered the creation of a special economic zone (SEZ). However, he added that while it is necessary to "get away from dependence on offshore jurisdictions and our jurisdiction to make a much more attractive." That is, everything is being done in the interests of the population of the peninsula.
Life in Crimea has risen indeed. Local officials, responding to reporters' questions about the price increases, recall that the standard of living of the population has grown. But feel it because of the increasing cost of living for most people in the Crimea, alas, does not work.