But the concept of "cottage" and "villa" occurred many centuries ago. The word translated from Latin means "village". By the end of the first millennium BC, was called by this word as a small rural village in Italy, and great ownership nobles. These estates in most cases represented a range of facilities on the territory of the enclosure: a magnificent palace with its colonnades, pavilions and porticos, as well as various types of farm buildings. A striking example of the villa are extant estate of Emperor Hadrian in Tibure. The entire complex of buildings houses bless a high wall, outside which there were gardens and fields belonging to the owner of the villa. Today, a similar character buildings can be found among the possessions of country representatives of show business and the wealthy businessmen who hold real estate in France, Spain and other scenic spots of our planet. Viewers of soap operas, which captured the television, they know the Spanish name for such residential complexes. In German they are called "estate", which have economic destiny.
Related article: In the suburbs built block of townhousesThe term "cottage" in European history meant quite different things than they are today. This word comes from the Scots language of the Middle Ages, and literally means "a peasant who lives in the farm. That is, originally the term meant nothing as the country house of a peasant.
The first association that arises when the word "estate" - a big beautiful house nest of some ancient family. And indeed, this fiefdoms Russian nobles, where they lived. Historically, the estate - a complex of buildings, which includes a manor house with a complex of residential and ancillary buildings. The concept of the estate includes farms, where animals are grown, and the park, and stable.
Today, many of the wealthy owners of estates even repeat patronage exploits of their ancestors and fitted with the manor rural schools, or even to build churches. A rich landlord can afford not only charity, but also to provide pleasure for body and soul. Nobody restricts the imagination - a number of the homestead can arrange a golf course where you can meet with business partners on the weekends, or build, as in olden times, the stables.