"The seller's eyes were honest," "He showed the authorization form", "It was my cousin's best friend" ... Which only "weighty" arguments do not hear from deceived customers suburban real estate!
Related article: Kiev rich mansions guarded by owlsBut most of the trouble is due to the neglect of elementary rules, due to ignorance of the basics. What points should be borne in mind in order not to be trapped? Of all the basic rules of buying a country house most often neglected by two - relating to the ownership of land and homes. Shoppers forget to make sure that the rights of property of the seller of the land and house properly designed and registered.
Unfortunately, the situation when home buyers close their eyes to the fact that the land belongs to the seller is not in ownership and, say, the right of lifetime inheritable donation. In this situation, the law does not allow the new owner to dispose of this site, for example, then sell it, and besides, the contract for the sale of the house on such a site may simply not register.
Opposite situation is possible. Buyer agrees to purchase a home through the execution of the sale of the land on which this house is located. Since the house is not decorated by the seller and is not registered, it shall be considered unauthorized construction, and register it with the new owners will not work. At least, without nerves, vessels and long years of ordeal by the relevant State authorities.
Well, with regard to fraud in transactions with the country real estate, the most common of these is the sale of land and houses on fake power of attorney. Buying country real estate by proxy, always make sure first of all, the authenticity of the notary, and secondly, the reality of the principal. Here you need to contact the trustee and to check whether he is alive, whether or not grant a power of attorney, for whatever reason, and so on.
We look at the documents
In a word, no matter how honest and attach either a seller, how hard you its not recommended good friends, in no case should not be ignored documents in the house and land. It is mandatory when buying a suburban property requires the following set of documents:
Legal documents on the house
This certificate of state registration of ownership of the house and the act of acceptance committee of acceptance in the operation of the completed project, if the house was built directly to the seller. Or the documents proving the ownership of the seller, which arose for other reasons (the contract of sale, gift, exchange, certificate of inheritance right + certificate on state registration of rights).
Technical passport of homeownership. It represents a single document, which includes: a plan of land, the explication of the area of land, a description of buildings and structures, the appointment of the technical condition and value of buildings and structures. A document issued by the regional BTI at the location of real estate and must be stamped respective BTI.
Technical passport of a building (structure) with the floor plans for each building, located on the site.
Extract from the house of the book. If the house is suitable for permanent residence (permanent residence), it requires an extract from the house of books registered in this area faces. Even if the buyer does not intend to register the premises being purchased, the extract will show whether he is buying a property with the encumbrance in the form of a family of five.
Documents of title to land, confirming the ownership of this site. At this point the potential buyer should pay special attention. The land on which the house must be the seller not only properly designed, but must be owned. Need to identify exactly the right property, not a right of permanent (perpetual) or lifetime inheritable possession seller on the specified site.
This requires documentation such as: certificate of state registration of property rights, contract of sale (donation, a certificate of inheritance). As well as documents obtained from privatization of land: orders chief of staff to provide part of the property ownership certificate on the site.
Cadastral map of land. This document issued by district departments of land administration in the Kiev region and contains a direct plan of land borders, as well as information about the categories of land, the permitted use of the site, the normative price of the lot, area, information about the legal owner.
Moreover, any self-respecting agency realtor when buying a country house holds a standard due diligence provided by the seller of title documents for land and homes. Studies the acquisition by the seller homeownership, lack of encumbrances, restrictions, arrests and so on. "