New Year's favorite holiday in many countries, but particularly interesting and colorful it is carried out in China. Beginning in 1911, China switched to the Gregorian calendar,
But the Chinese there, and one counting down the days, they inherited from their ancestors.
Spring Festival or Chuntsze - now referred to as the traditional Chinese New Year is celebrated as thousands of years ago, according to the lunar calendar.
In the days of emperors new year, celebrated with particular splendor - proclaimed an amnesty to criminals, the emperors were handing out awards and gifts to outstanding young men, organized sumptuous celebrations.
When does the Chinese New Year
Chinese New Year - Chuntsze comes in the first day of the month, and falls in late January or early February. This is one of the oldest holidays. Many centuries ago, the Chinese celebrated it as a miracle of the resurrection of nature after the winter frosts and bad weather.
Previously the Chinese New Year lasted nearly two months and has been a long string of celebratory rituals and entertainment. Today, many rituals have lost the initial meaning, or forgotten altogether. Nevertheless, Chuntsze celebrates a quarter of the world's population and the New Year is still the most revered holiday in modern Chinese.
New Year Rabbit 2011 - postcard
The coming New Year 2011 to the Chinese calendar begins on February 3, the characters of the year: Rabbit (hare), cat.
The fourth sign of the Chinese Zodiac
Element - Metal
Color - white (gold)
The coming year should bring into your home - comfort, understanding, kindness and warmth.
Positive qualities, the rabbit - thoughtful, observant, intelligent, friendly, romantic and devoted to her beloved.
Negative qualities - fussiness, cowardice, excessive pedantry and egotism.
Preparing for the holiday
Preparation for Chinese New Year begins long before it began, up to a month before the holiday, there are Christmas fairs. The main entrance which is decorated with colorful arches, gates, stock-low.
On New Year's Fair sells everything you might need for a holiday. Huge selection of toys, the most popular of which Panvava (healthy, chubby baby). Panvava make out of clay, height 40-50cm.
Krupnogolovye, with pink cheeks Panvava are a symbol of security and eminence. In the hands of the doll holding a peach - a symbol of Many Years.
Provide you with happiness and prosperity can and intricate composition of four figures - a dragon, Jilin, phoenix, and turtle.
Dragon in China the figure of a singular, for example, the emperor was considered the son of the dragon - the lord of heaven. Phoenix symbolizes happiness and rebirth, the turtle - a long life.
Jilin - a fabulous creature that Chinese love to name - too lazy. Is there a special New Year's ritual - singing cylinder - Jilin figure made of bamboo were the villages where the sounds of drums, performed a special dance, thereby ushering in the new year.
Housewives buy at the fairs of different products for the festive table: it must be roasted meats, fruits and all kinds of pies. Cook foods to advance, the Chinese have a belief - if New Year's Eve that any knife, you can cut the happiness of the whole year.
How to celebrate Chinese New Year
Traditionally for the Chinese New Year family holiday, celebrate it at home, in the narrow family circle.
By tradition, the head of the family door seals strips of red paper with magic symbols, so ferocious spirits could not disturb his family during the holiday.
Get rid of the backlog for the outgoing year problems "bring them home," the Chinese god of charge Tszao Van - the patron of the home. Tszao Wang lived in the house all year, and who else better to know what misery and misfortunes of troubled family.
Two weeks before the Chinese New Year starting to buy at fairs toy clothing (for dolls), money (of course not real), paper Christmas decorations. According to tradition, it's all burnt in New Year's Eve, they believe that the smoke from the fire rising into the sky, turn into real things and money to their ancestors.
Just before the new year all going down. There comes a time to make the house "spirits of poverty." Spirits of the poverty figure represents the paper, which also burned.
And finally it is time to enter the house to the new god of the hearth. Meet its totko just a bowl of beans. Thus they want to soften the new Tszao Wan. After all, he does not know the real situation of the family, let her be sorry to see such poverty.
Instead, he will be happy to see how the family prepared for his arrival. Walls of a house decorated with colored drawings, colorful stickers wishes prosperity and good fortune, decorated with branches of pine and cypress with these coins. On the window is a dish with rice, from which "grow" the branch of mandarin.
Now comes the time to go out into the street, taking with them a clay figurine of a bull. Back of the unfortunate animal showered lashes. Chinese believe that by doing so they improve soil fertility.
Finally the hour comes "first night". Exactly at twelve o'clock across China hear thunder, take off in a fiery sky rockets, amazing beauty of fireworks night sky blooms.
Processions with statues of dragons, with crackers and rattles at high perches, running along the streets, lighting his way with bright torches.
In all areas - costumed presentation, theatrical skits and circus attractions in the New Year sky flying kites, they should fly to the Jade Emperor and tell him how was Chuntsze - Chinese New Year.