Yuri Luzhkov has spent 18 years in office, having had time to do a lot of good things. However, there are in the archives of the City Hall capital projects except as preposterous not name, although they were funded and they were placed in the government`s plans. VIEW was a top-10 of unrealized projects, the Moscow City Hall.
Examples of "almost" is not implemented by former Mayor Yuri Luzhkov unconventional projects quite a lot. These are, in descending order of exotics in the content, you should include the establishment of underwater parks, glass covers for the streets, heated sidewalks, bee apiaries in the parks, laser guns to shoot down icicles, a tax on studded tires, airships to fight congestion and monorail and highways on the roofs of houses.
Number one - the underwater car parks under the Moscow River. "Whether we like it or not, but at the center of our car parks should fall to the ground. And not only underground, but under water. Necessary to construct a parking lot under this duct, which runs parallel to the center of the Moscow River "- said Luzhkov, 25 July 2004.
Eighteen months later City Council has developed the concept of underwater construction of garages. The first parking lot for 800 cars and 38 places for buses should be placed under the drainage channel. Parking on a plan of the designers had to be directly associated with both underground space under a pedestrian zone, and with Yakimanskaya waterfront and Minor Yakimanka. Another underwater car park to be built under the channel in the Swamp area.
Plans remained on paper due to the excessive high cost of the project. Investor in this building and found nothing.
Number 2 in the ranking - a glass street. "The main thing that interferes with the Muscovites and visitors to enjoy the beauties of the city - it is bad weather," said the mayor of Moscow for celebrations of the city in 2005 and offered to glaze a few streets of the capital`s Leninsky Prospekt to the Moscow-City district.
Walkers on the mayor`s idea should be raised at the bridges across the Moscow River, and double down into the ground (at Komsomolsk and Kutuzovsky Avenue): route length - 4,5 km. Detailed design zastekolnogo route designed by architect Yury Platonov. However, to find investors for realization of this idea failed.
3rd place in the ranking - heating Arbat. "Worldwide, there is grass growing technology in the winter - heated soccer field today is in Moscow. Why not do the same on the Arbat? "- Such a question, Yuri Luzhkov appealed to the town planning board in Moscow March 4, 2005.
The designers immediately offered two options for reconstruction of the street and its heating. In the first on the Arbat should appear trees and raised above the general pedestrian zone along the sidewalks of homes. The second option was to rework the Arbat, in the words on the board of architects, a "dotted boulevard": along the street were to be planted in small groups of mature trees. All the space between the trees is covered with granite tiles, under which intends to lay the pipe with warm running water - a total area of work was to be 25 thousand square meters.
The idea has sunk to understand, but was partially implemented in the pedestrian zone on the border of an arena and the Alexander Garden. Heating took place on Dec. 26, 2005. True, he worked not for long. Very expensive and time consuming to maintain.
4 th place in the ranking of the project took roads that ran along the roofs of houses. The idea of the German company had ex-mayor of the capital so to taste what the experts have even begun to prepare the "pilot" versions of highways by selecting a few streets south of Moscow. As reported by the opinion, in 2008 none of the government experts did not confuse innovation of the German "creatives" who had no such experience or no-developed technologies. Not to mention the fact that hardly anyone thought about the tenants of those houses on whose roofs were worn to cars and trucks.
5 th place - is a project of the monorail from ENEA to historical places of the capital. Started designing for almost 10 years ago, and as a laboratory was chosen route around the television center "Ostankino". But in winter testing train was unsuitable to our conditions. He stubbornly stalled on icy metal. After solving these problems, a monorail, was commissioned in tour mode, over two years later, in 2006 - in working.
Problems the project is obvious: the road could carry very few passengers - about 200 people on board. Intervals of high - about 15 minutes. In addition, the branch of the monorail from the subway Timiryazevskaya to VDNKh very poorly located geographically: from station "ENEA" to the monorail around 300 meters.
Monorail was extremely unprofitable. In the 2008 budget for its maintenance allocated 500 million rubles. Overall, for the construction of the line and the development of rolling stock had spent more than $ 200 million from the city budget. The tram would cost ten times cheaper. As a result, the first branch of the monorail and the only one. The other two branches (around the OCE and the territory of Moscow City) as there are only a vague plans.
6 th place in the ranking - giperboloyda Luzhkov "- an innovative device for the destruction of icicles. "In the near future, icicles and ice attack on Moscow`s homes will bring down the laser settings. Now in Moscow being the development of special laser and mechanical devices to deal with icicles "- a statement made by Yuri Luzhkov, the Moscow government meeting on Oct. 2, 2001. "Hyperballoid Luzhkov" had to go through trials and entered service the capital`s street cleaners during the next winter campaign in December-January 2002.
The idea of "dead" in itself. But in the winter of 2009-2010. unexpectedly almost did not continue in St. Petersburg. True, the City Council still decided not to risk it and do the traditional ways to combat the icicles.
At the 7 th place ranking LOOK posted a translation project of urban transport to electric. 1 April 2008 at a government meeting, Yuri Luzhkov promised that he will soon appear on the roads of Moscow a few hundred trucks and buses on the electric, the city will be built with a charging outlets for recharging batteries and for buyers of electric vehicles may introduce tax incentives. In addition, the mayor advised not to buy expensive equipment abroad, and collect domestic electric vehicles based on the "gazelle" and "bulls".
While the idea is not realizable due to the fact that electric 2-2,5 times more expensive than ordinary gasoline or 3 times - diesel.
At the 8 th place - aeronautic design, Yuri Luzhkov, who was willing to solve problems with traffic jams in the city by building new roads that would be understandable and clear, and due to the transfer of public transport in the sky. Solve the troubles of the capital had airships.
After numerous trials experienced in 2002 aeronautic center "Augur" was commissioned by City Hall for the manufacture of five aeronautical vehicles through which the traffic police inspectors were supposed to watch the metropolitan traffic jams. Two manned airship Au-12 and three tethered balloons "Bars" were supposed to provide the police department by the end of 2003. Construction of aircraft cost the city at 2.5 million dollars.
However, experienced Au-12 flew only one meter. Soar above the airship could not. In the skies above the capital, he appeared only once - in a day of celebration of 860 anniversary of the city. The idea of flying over Moscow "snapped" due to the fact that under federal law, the flights over Moscow are only allowed aircraft to the Emergencies Ministry, the Interior Ministry, FSB and the state-owned airline "Russia", and then with a special permit.
Their visas on the resolution put the FSO, the Federal Security Service, the Defense Ministry and General Staff metropolitan government. Only after collecting all the papers, you can get permission for a one-time flight. Did he know about these restrictions, the ex-mayor, beginning "Ballooning movement" or not - is unknown.
At the 9 th place ranking - ozonation of drinking water in the capital. "Moscow in a relatively short period of time is planning to move to ozonation of drinking water for cleaning instead of chlorine," - said Yuri Luzhkov, 13 February 2008 in the State Duma.
Yes, chlorination leads to extremely serious consequences, including the effect on the increase in cancer. Today, however, ozonized system works on only one wastewater treatment plant of the city. Others do not and is not expected due to lack of expenditure items of the city.
It turned out that all of the chlorine can not be dropped because of worn out water pipes, which promote negative bacterial processes. Simply put, getting a rusty pipe, clean ozonated water immediately becomes dangerous to drink. Ozonation has been available to all citizens, we must change 70% of the water pipes in Moscow. Meanwhile in the capital every year change of 1,5% of pipes.
At the 10 th place - bees. Ex-mayor of Moscow seriously believed that honey heals all diseases and did not see anything against that apiaries have been established everywhere, as smelting factory in China in the midst of the Cultural Revolution.
At the direction of Yuri Luzhkov, was planned to establish an apiary in all green areas and parks in the capital. The project came to nothing after another honey show, noting the officials who came not only capital but also the federal government. They then marveled at the honey prices, which were much higher than the prices most expensive in the city Dorogomilovsky market.