These issues were discussed at the round table "Ecology of housing and health." I Associate Professor of the Moscow Medical University, pulmonologist, Dmitry Vinogradov, a gynecologist, Professor Eugene Zharov, an allergist-immunologist, PhD Hope Login observed not a few cases of diseases related specifically to such factors. Furniture, decoration materials, insulation, primarily mineral wool, produce phenol and formaldehyde (in the production of mineral wool and glass phenolic resins are used to provide moisture resistance). A phenol and formaldehyde with prolonged exposure can have devastating effects on the body.
Related article: House with zero power. Is it possible?In an interview with columnist NG Rospotrebnadzor head Gennady Onishchenko, in response to requests for comment from the home environment expressed grave concern at the practice of not only wool, but in general insulation, coatings, paints.
He recalled that there was a licensing system for admission to the market of construction and finishing materials. Before we issue a permit, these materials are tested. Another problem - counterfeiting. If you do not strictly comply with the technology and let cheaply made, somehow, the consequences could be severe.
Gennady Onishchenko has highlighted several points. The first - the admission of products on the market in principle. Second - Admitted to the market building materials, the production of which is broken technology.
If products made of mineral wool and glass wool have no way of getting into the air space, where the person, then they can be applied. But if the mineral wool and wool produced in violation of the technology and are more toxic, more dangerous than those stated in the documents, it is quite another problem. There is also an aspect to the desire to release a cheap knockoff instead of the quality of construction material. Is no guarantee of purity, protection from hazards and the high price of building materials, furniture.
"It is important literacy of those who engaged in construction, that there is not always - emphasizes Gennady Onishchenko. - Today is an important opportunity to use various kinds of construction and finishing materials. On the one hand, it is good, but on the other hand, after all this requires skilled supervision, which, unfortunately, no. Previously, permission to elementary linoleum, which is going to plank, issued only after he underwent a laboratory examination, now do not do it. "
Asked about the mineral wool, head of Rospotrebnadzor said that must comply with all the demands that are presented to it. But if the technology breaks down the unit during its manufacture and also violated regulations during construction, then its use can lead to very serious health risks.
In general, the mineral wool - is only part of the problems existing today in the construction of the premises in which the person is. The materials used in finishing of floors, walls, furniture, often made with gross violations of regulations. This creates a serious risk to human health.
Gennady Onishchenko, has formulated a few basic principles. First: any building material used must have permission to use. There are special methods by which it is checked. Second: even if the material is allowed, should be monitored for its production, because it can start producing, so that it becomes harmful. Third: while admitting to the sale, he must also be checked.
"A man moves into a new apartment, he having headaches, pressure jumps, he can not find the place itself. When we start to check in the finishing materials are finding many violations of technology - the same allocation of formaldehyde. Comes to what we give an order to tear off all over again and redo it. But it's when people complained. And most do not complain ", - says head of Rospotrebnadzor.
According to Onishchenko, this is a problem long ago, there is more than a dozen years. When there are many different building materials, and artificial, appeared at the same time and a lot of risks. In addition to strict control at all stages, other means of protection against hazards there.