Principle 1: Maximum safety for the health of living space
Related article: Rules of green houseFirst of all, architects and designers have to take care of the health of residents. This means that you need to choose eco-friendly materials and technologies that will not bring harm to all residents or minimize the harmful effects. It should be borne in mind that artificial materials and the smell of chemicals, which normally breathe new settlers - is only part of the threats to your health after repair.
In addition, it is necessary to minimize the impact of noise, radiation, vibration and minimize the emissions of air during operation. An ecological approach to design allows all this to realize with the help of modern technology, natural materials and integrated solutions.
Principle 2: Creating optimum comfort conditions in the room
In addition to creating a beautiful interior, it is important to take care of the right light and comfortable climate in which people will feel well. This environmental approach applied to the organization of all communications at home - heating, hot and cold water, electricity, ventilation and lighting, and works to ensure that the owners did not hurt, and feel as good as possible.
In particular, it is necessary to create all conditions for the maintenance of residential space, the optimal temperature and humidity allow for good ventilation and removal of combustion products, establish access to safe drinking water and laundry supplies hot water to warm the room well, and eliminate drafts.
Special attention is paid to the selection of warm and cold light sources, as well as their correct location based on the needs of each family member. Equally important is the competent zoning of property, so that each member of the family was private space, easy access to communications and properly selected design, which is important for psychological health and comfort.
Principle 3: Save the nature resources and money for the owner
Modern building technologies and materials allow to reduce the cost of electricity, water and different fuels in a few times, as well as to reduce heat loss. And it is not only taking care of nature, but also about your operating costs.
It is advisable, if possible, the use of alternative energy sources that save scarce natural resources, budget property owners and make them independent of the power grid and regular jumps in energy prices, as well as to introduce energy-saving technologies. In addition, modern technology allows to save not only money but also the time it takes to service a variety of communications systems.
Principle 4: Environmental safety and beauty of natural materials
It may be quite difficult to completely eliminate synthetic materials and should not always be such a problem. But in the studio, specializing in environmental architectural design and interior design, they know how to minimize their presence in a residential area, to replace natural counterparts or safe to bring harmony in the interior elements of nature.
With proper selection and use of natural materials as much as possible not only safe for health, but also beautiful. Artificial materials never be compared to the original nature: the subject matter of this tree has a special seductive aroma, natural stone has a unique shape, and the use of natural fabrics - the key to your health and beauty. The environmental interior designers often use wood, clay, natural materials, stones, glass, adobe and other natural materials.
Ideally, when the ecological approach is to use local building materials that can be easily and cost-effectively extracted, processed, transported and used in the construction and design.
Principle 5: Reconstruction of the natural environment in a residential area
In Environmental Design architect is required to try to recreate the natural environment in a place of human habitation and help residents achieve harmony with the environment. This is accomplished through the architectural and design solutions, providing the room plenty of light and air, use of water, aquariums, plants, furniture made of natural materials, pebbles, shells, a variety of stones and other natural elements. Ecological style allows to realize any idea, as well as take into account the age, habits, character and preferences of tenants, emphasizing a responsible attitude to the environment.
Principle 6: The natural colors and the psychological comfort
The natural colors in the interior provide psychological comfort and help to tenants as easily relax, rest and recuperate, as well as on the nature, in a natural setting. When choosing colors should give preference to pastel tones - white, brown, beige, pale green, pale blue hue that contrasts perfectly with black or dark wood. Furthermore, coloring can be a color of soil, stone, grass, water, and other natural elements.
Principle 7: Simple and safe disposal of construction waste
When ecological construction is important to the living space was not only safe and comfortable for the people living in it. Consideration should be given also for the environment and future generations who will live on earth. Therefore, one of the important principles of ecological design approach is to preserve nature at all stages of construction, development, operation and disposal.
Given that the construction - it is also a tremendous amount of waste, it is necessary in advance to take care of its recycling. Firstly, it is necessary to select such materials that after operation may naturally be disposed in place. Secondly, it should be as accurate as possible to calculate the consumption of materials and their optimal use, the amount of waste is minimized.
Thirdly, in our country there is a pernicious practice, when the remnants of construction waste taken to the dumps in the woods or thrown into waterways, contaminating the soil, air and water. Therefore, it is important to make sure that during the construction or repair of waste management was held for all the requirements of the planet and not turned into a garbage dump.